VASA

 

INTRODUCTION

 

Kousika and Panini works delineate vasa and it is described by other commentators as vrsaka and atarusa. The synonym simhi is used in the vedic period to denote brhati but not for vasa.

Vasa is a well-known herb for respiratory disorders,bleeding disorders and febrile illness.Caraka documented the flowers of vasa as kapha-pittahara while susrutha mentioned them as kshaya and kasahara.

Vagbhatta emphasized its role in raktapitta. Shodala and Yogarathnakara have emphatically claimed that it is a definite treatment for raktapitta, kshaya and kasa.

About the drug : Botanical source of vasa is Adhatodavasica. And it belongs to Acanthaceae family.

SYNONYMS

 

 

Vasa                          –    The plant grows in plenty and covers the ground with dense foliage.

Bhishangmatha         –    It protects like mother to all physician to alleviate diseases.

Atarushaka                –    The herb is a useful drug which alleviates a number of diseases.

Simhikaa                   –    It is useful in many diseases.

Simhasya                   –    Flowers look like opened mouth of lion.

Vajidantha                 –    The flowers are white like the teeth of horse.

Vrisha                       –    The flowers have prefuse nectar.

Vasaadani                 –    Helpful in the treatment of obesity.

Kasanothpatana        –    Useful in kasa diseases.

Matha                        –    Supports the patient like a mother.

Kaphaha                    –    Relieves kapha.

Karkasha                   –    The leaves are minutely pubescent.

Raktamutrajith          –    Relieves the passing of blood in urine or haematuria.

Danthasatvapradayi       –       Provides strength to the teeth.

Rakthapittaprasadini –    It is useful in raktapitta or epistaxis.

 

VERNACULAR NAMES

 

 

English             –          Malabarnut, Vasaka

Hindi                –          Adusa, Arusa

Kannada          –          Adusoge, Adasale

Malayalam       –          Atalotakam

Tamil               –          Adathodai

Telungu            –          Addasaramu

Bengali             –          Bakas

Punjabi             –          vamsa

Marathi            –          Adulsa

Gujarati            –          Araduso

 

VARIETIES

 

 

Though there are no varieties mentioned in the classical literature, some vaidyas are using Adhatodabeddomiclarke as vasa.

P.V.Sharmaji reported that Justaciagendarussalinn is being used as Krishna varna.

Dr.Desai quoted Justiciapictalinn as raktapushpa vasa.

 

 

OFFICINAL PART

 

  • Leaves

 

  • Flowers

 

  • Root

 

 

 

CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS

 

 

  • Alkaloids
  • Essential oil
  • Vasicine (peganine)
  • Vasicinine
  • Β-Sitosterol
  • Kaempferol
  • 3-sophoroside
  • Luteolin
  • Tritriacontane
  • Adhatodic acid
  • Carotene
  • Vasakin
  • Vasicinol 1= q-hydroxyvasicine
  • Vasicinone
  • Vitamin c
  • Vasicol
  • Vasicinol
  • Vasicinolone
  • Adhatodine
  • Adhavasinone
  • Anisotine
  • Vasicolone
  • vasicolinone

 

PROPERTIES

 

 

Rasa               –        Tikta, Kashaya

Guna              –        Laghu, Ruksha

Veerya           –        Seetha

Vipaka           –        Katu

Doshagnatha  –        Kapha-Pitta samaka

 

PHARMOCOLOGICAL ACTION

 

 

  • Vata karaka
  • Swarya
  • Hridya
  • Kaphagna
  • Pittagna
  • Raktapitta
  • Swasagna
  • Kasagna
  • Jwaragna
  • Chardinigrahana
  • Pramehagna
  • Kushtagna
  • Kshayagna
  • Krimigna
  • Sothahara
  • Vedanasthapana
  • Sthambhana
  • Kantya
  • Svedajanana

 

 

THERAPEUTIC USES

 

  • Kapha-vikara

The swarasa of vasa patra is given with Ardrakaswarasa, Pippali and Saindhavalavana along with Madhu.

  • Svasa&Kasa

Vasa swarasa given along with Draksha, Haritaka, Madhu and Sarkara.

  • Fresh case of Svasa

Kwatha is prepared with Kantakari, Yavasa, Nagaramustha, Sunti and vasa and given with Tankana.

  • Rajayakshma

Vasa ghritha is given

  • Jvara

Vasa patraswarasa, Vamsalocana, Talisapatra is given with madhu.

  • Thamakasvasa

Dhumapana is done with Vasa patra and Datturapatra.

  • Rakta-pitta

Vasa patraswarasa given with madhu.

  • Vishamajwara

Patrachoorna or mulachoorna is given.

  • Aadhmana

Patraswarasa is taken internally.

  • Raktha-pitta

Pushpa and patrachoorna is given.

  • Athisara

Patraswarasa is given.

 

 

  • Amavata

Vasa patrakalka applied externally.

  • Tvakroga

Swarasa is given internally.

  • Kalka applied externally

Kwatha used for bathing

  • For Rasayana purpose

Mulakwatha of vasa is cooked with oil & used. It promotes intellect & life span.

  • Vatavyadhi

Vasamuladitaila is given.

  • Kushta

Vasa, Kutaja, Saptaparna, Karavira, Karanja, Nimba&Khadira mixed with Gomutra is given as Snana&Panartha.

 

DOSAGE

 

  • Swarasa –        5-20 ml
  • Patrachoorna –        1-3 gms
  • Mulachoorna –        3-6 gms
  • Pushpachoorna –        5-1 gms
  • Kwatha –        50-100 ml

 

 

FORMULATIONS

 

 

 

  • Vasakasava
  • Vasarishta
  • Vasachandanaditaila
  • Vasavaleha
  • Vasapanaka
  • Brihatmanjishtathikwatha
  • Panjatiktagritha
  • Chyavanaprashaavaleha
  • Kanakasava

 

 

RESEARCH

 

  • Relaxation producing activity of dl-vasicinone on isolated guniea pig tracheal muscle was about 1/2000 that of adrenaline.
  • Vasicine showed abortificient effect in guniea pigs depending on the stage of pregnancy and prior priming of animals with estradiol.
  • Intra amniotic injection of vasicinehcl was effective in inducing mild trimester abortions at dose of 60mg.
  • Bronchodilatory activity of vasicinone was compared to that of isoprenaline and aminophylline.
  • Vasicine also potentiated prostaglandin-induced uterine contractions in rats.

 

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