“USIRA” :- (VETIVERIA ZIZANOIDS)

 

The plant found through out the plains and lower hills of India, particularly in riverbank and rich marshy sail.

 

Botanical name ‘Vetiveria zizanoids’ belonging to family graminae.  The most useful part is roots.  The roots are used for the substitutes of aromatic oil in the treatment of Krimiroga.

 

LITRARYREVIEW OF THE PLNT USIRA”

 

The Vedas are the oldest written documentary, which are available now a day.

In the Vedas the usira has been frequently mentioned.  It has been considered as Gandhatrna. Many books tell that root has the medicinal property in various ways.

In charak samhita the drug usira is mention under chardinigrahana Gana.

There is small reference the drug usira in Bhava prakash Nighantu and Nigandu Adarsha.

In charak samhita so many places the drug usira has mention.

In susruta samhita also the drug usira is mention very frequently.

In Astanga hridya the drug usira is mention for curing many diseases.

 

“SYNONYMS OF USIRA AND INTEPRETATION”

 

Usiram-It is liked by every body due-to its sweet taste

Naladam-It is having sweet smell

Amridatam- It resembles to that of stem of latus

Senyam-As it is useful in fever etc. diseases it can be used by all people

 

Abhayam-Which destroys fear at disease

Samgandi-kam- Which have good trangrance

Stishiram-Which is cold in nature

Sheetmulakam- The root is cold in nature

Sughandhikom-Which have good frogrance.

Suyhando mvlakam Which have sweet smelling roots.

Varitar-Which is found watery areas.

Jalavasam-Which is found near water.

Jalabhedam-Which found was water resources.

 

VERNACULAR NAMES

 

Hindi         :        Khas

Marathi      :        Bala

Bengali      :        Khaskhas

Gujarati     :        Vala

Saurastra    :        Venaghas

Tamil         :        Vettivel

Telugu       :        Vettivellu

English      :        Khaskhas grass

Vetiver Khaskhas

Khus-Khus

Kannada     :        Mudivala

Malayalam  :       Ramacham

 

PRAYOJYANGA  (USEFUL PART)

  • Moola (Root)

 

 

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF USIRA

 

Usira (Vetiveria zizanoides) contains velatile oil a bitter dark red brown resinous matter, a colouringmatter, freeacids, calacium salts, iron ash and woofy substances.

Diextrorotatory vetiver oil and laevorotatory oil are rich source at several chemical constituents vetiver resinoides has specific character.

It also contains some other chemicals.

was characterized (H)   cadinal, cadina-4 , 10B-diol and Khusirodial isolated from oil; isokhusional oxide isolated from vetiver oil and its structure determined; acorodiene III synthesized; synthesis of zizane, stereoppicitic total synthesis of vetiselienenol; sythesis of solavetirone and B-vetivone; Methaxyphenol a m- and P-cresols, evgenol U-rinylgvaiacol, eis and trans-iseugenol, U-vinylpheno) vanillin khusimal, isovalencenol, zizanal,  B-vetivone and zizanelc acid identitied in vetiver oil.

 

PROPERTIES AND DOSHAGHNATA

 

  • RASA :        TIKTA,  MADHURA
  • GUNA :        RUKSA, LAGHU
  • VIRYA :        SITA
  • VIPAKA :        KATU

 

DOSHAGNA KARMA:-  KAPHA-PITTA SAMAKA

KARMA

 

  • Svedapanayana
  • Varnya
  • Mastiskanadisamaka
  • Dipana-Pacana
  • Trsnanigrahana
  • Chardinigrahana
  • Stambhana
  • Raktaprasadna
  • Hrdoyasamaka-balya
  • Mutrajanana
  • Rakta rodhaka
  • Mutrajanana
  • Svedajanana
  • Kusthaghna
  • Jvaraghna

 

PHARMACOTHERAPEUTIC PROPERTIES AND ACTION

 

The drug usira is a sevedopanayana that cheeks over sweating of body.  It is varnya or promoting complexion and skin pigmentation and health as whole and the drug alleviates burning sensation and cutaneous infection.

The usira jala, usira kasaya, Kvatha usira stra sita kasaya and similar therapeutic uses.

The drug is useful in syncope, unconsciousness brain complaints, dyspepsia, excess thirsts vomiting diarrhea, intrinsic hemorrhage, cough hiccough, asthma, bronchial asthma, dysuria foul of body sweating, fever, complication of thirst burning sensation, vomiting etc.

PRAYOGAS

 

  • Daha-atidourgandhya –     atisveda
  • Sveda dourg andhya
  • Carmavikara
  • Murcchana
  • Mastiska-vikara
  • Agnimiandaya – ajirna-trasna-vamana
  • Atisara
  • Raktapitta
  • Raktavikara
  • Skin disease

 

 

MEDICINAL USES

 

The long fibrous root of this plant is mostly used for making door screens or aeromatic .Scented mats-they are kept constantly wet thus cooling and agreeably pertaining the atmosphere during the hot weather

The palv of the root is cooling is cooling , refrigent diuretic stimulant and tonic .The dose is 20 grains and the infusion which is made by datting 2 drachms of the  grass to 10 ounces of water the dose is from 1-20 ocnces. Beeing a cooling medicine it proves beneficial in fevers , inflamation  and opperassive  heat or burning of the body paste of the roots is prepared by mixing it by mixing with red sandal wood and padmakashtha (all in powder) in a rub water

 

RECENT RESEARCH ADVANCES

 

Vetiveria zizanoides (L) Nash in small Fl.south East us 67 1903 (poaceae) ‘seenk’

Localities:- Bazpur, Haldukhata, Lebh57435778, 7850) khenpur

The roots are powdered along with black salt, black pepper cumin almonds dried dates, resin and ghee. The preparation is given daily to the potent of tuberculosis.

 

MATRA  (DOSE)

 

  • CHOORNA : 3 – 6gms
  • INFUSION :  50-100ML
  • AQUA-COLD INFUSION: 25 – 50ML
VISHISHTA  YOGA

 

  • Usira sava
  • Usiradi Kvatha
  • Usiradi curna
  • Usiradi taila
  • Sadangapaniya

 

 

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