“USIRA” :- (VETIVERIA ZIZANOIDS)
The plant found through out the plains and lower hills of India, particularly in riverbank and rich marshy sail.
Botanical name ‘Vetiveria zizanoids’ belonging to family graminae. The most useful part is roots. The roots are used for the substitutes of aromatic oil in the treatment of Krimiroga.
LITRARYREVIEW OF THE PLNT USIRA”
The Vedas are the oldest written documentary, which are available now a day.
In the Vedas the usira has been frequently mentioned. It has been considered as Gandhatrna. Many books tell that root has the medicinal property in various ways.
In charak samhita the drug usira is mention under chardinigrahana Gana.
There is small reference the drug usira in Bhava prakash Nighantu and Nigandu Adarsha.
In charak samhita so many places the drug usira has mention.
In susruta samhita also the drug usira is mention very frequently.
In Astanga hridya the drug usira is mention for curing many diseases.
“SYNONYMS OF USIRA AND INTEPRETATION”
Usiram-It is liked by every body due-to its sweet taste
Naladam-It is having sweet smell
Amridatam- It resembles to that of stem of latus
Senyam-As it is useful in fever etc. diseases it can be used by all people
Abhayam-Which destroys fear at disease
Samgandi-kam- Which have good trangrance
Stishiram-Which is cold in nature
Sheetmulakam- The root is cold in nature
Sughandhikom-Which have good frogrance.
Suyhando mvlakam Which have sweet smelling roots.
Varitar-Which is found watery areas.
Jalavasam-Which is found near water.
Jalabhedam-Which found was water resources.
Hindi : Khas
Marathi : Bala
Bengali : Khaskhas
Gujarati : Vala
Saurastra : Venaghas
Tamil : Vettivel
Telugu : Vettivellu
English : Khaskhas grass
Kannada : Mudivala
Malayalam : Ramacham
PRAYOJYANGA (USEFUL PART)
- Moola (Root)
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF USIRA
Usira (Vetiveria zizanoides) contains velatile oil a bitter dark red brown resinous matter, a colouringmatter, freeacids, calacium salts, iron ash and woofy substances.
Diextrorotatory vetiver oil and laevorotatory oil are rich source at several chemical constituents vetiver resinoides has specific character.
It also contains some other chemicals.
was characterized (H) cadinal, cadina-4 , 10B-diol and Khusirodial isolated from oil; isokhusional oxide isolated from vetiver oil and its structure determined; acorodiene III synthesized; synthesis of zizane, stereoppicitic total synthesis of vetiselienenol; sythesis of solavetirone and B-vetivone; Methaxyphenol a m- and P-cresols, evgenol U-rinylgvaiacol, eis and trans-iseugenol, U-vinylpheno) vanillin khusimal, isovalencenol, zizanal, B-vetivone and zizanelc acid identitied in vetiver oil.
PROPERTIES AND DOSHAGHNATA
- RASA : TIKTA, MADHURA
- GUNA : RUKSA, LAGHU
- VIRYA : SITA
- VIPAKA : KATU
- Rakta rodhaka
PHARMACOTHERAPEUTIC PROPERTIES AND ACTION
The drug usira is a sevedopanayana that cheeks over sweating of body. It is varnya or promoting complexion and skin pigmentation and health as whole and the drug alleviates burning sensation and cutaneous infection.
The usira jala, usira kasaya, Kvatha usira stra sita kasaya and similar therapeutic uses.
The drug is useful in syncope, unconsciousness brain complaints, dyspepsia, excess thirsts vomiting diarrhea, intrinsic hemorrhage, cough hiccough, asthma, bronchial asthma, dysuria foul of body sweating, fever, complication of thirst burning sensation, vomiting etc.
- Daha-atidourgandhya – atisveda
- Sveda dourg andhya
- Agnimiandaya – ajirna-trasna-vamana
- Skin disease
The long fibrous root of this plant is mostly used for making door screens or aeromatic .Scented mats-they are kept constantly wet thus cooling and agreeably pertaining the atmosphere during the hot weather
The palv of the root is cooling is cooling , refrigent diuretic stimulant and tonic .The dose is 20 grains and the infusion which is made by datting 2 drachms of the grass to 10 ounces of water the dose is from 1-20 ocnces. Beeing a cooling medicine it proves beneficial in fevers , inflamation and opperassive heat or burning of the body paste of the roots is prepared by mixing it by mixing with red sandal wood and padmakashtha (all in powder) in a rub water
RECENT RESEARCH ADVANCES
Vetiveria zizanoides (L) Nash in small Fl.south East us 67 1903 (poaceae) ‘seenk’
Localities:- Bazpur, Haldukhata, Lebh57435778, 7850) khenpur
The roots are powdered along with black salt, black pepper cumin almonds dried dates, resin and ghee. The preparation is given daily to the potent of tuberculosis.
- CHOORNA : 3 – 6gms
- INFUSION : 50-100ML
- AQUA-COLD INFUSION: 25 – 50ML
- Usira sava
- Usiradi Kvatha
- Usiradi curna
- Usiradi taila