(SHAKULADANI)

 

PICRORHIZA KURRORA ROYLE EX BENTH

SCROPULARACEAE

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               The drug name shakuladani is contraversal one. It is the synonym of both katuki and jala pippali . in bhava prakasha and raja nighantu mentioned shakuladani as the synonym of katuki and jala pippali . but caraka in bhedaniya mentioned shakuladani  as a synonym for katuki. In dhanwanthari nighantu shakuladani synonym is used for katuki and included under guduchyadi varga. In these regard shakuladani as a synonym is best suit for katuki .

               The compilation covers various aspect of the drug namely synonyms and its chart , type,ganas,vernacularnames,systemic classification, family character, important drugs of the family, habitat, morphology, chemical composition,properties , action, uses, research study and other references.

 

LITERARY REVIEW

It has been used as a pot herb except in charak samhith sutra sthana.In charak samhith both shakuladani and jalapippali have mentioned as separate drug pot herb.According to bhava misra gandadurva, matsyaki,shakuladani have been mentioned as synonm of katuki.katuki being one of the puragative group of drugs maybe accepted.

 

TYPES

 

There are two varities described in the nighantu works viz.{sodhala nighantu}

  1. katuka rohini [picrorhiza kurrora royle ex.benth]
  2. Asoka rohini [Erycible paniculata var.subspieata]

 

SYNONYMS

  1. SHAKULADANI,
  2. KATUKA
  3. KATUKI,
  4. KATUROANI,
  5. ASHOAKA,
  6. TIKTA,
  7. ASHOKA ROHINI,
  8. JANANI,
  9. CHAKRANGI,
  10. MALABHEDINI,
  11. MATSYA PITTA,
  12. KRISHNA,
  13. VAMAGHNI,
  14. SHATAPARVA

                   VERNACULAR NAMES              

 

  • Sanskrit –            shakuladani,katuka
  • Hindi –            karwi
  • English –            picrorhiza
  • Bengali –            katki
  • Urdu  –            kutki
  • Malayalam   –            katu rohani
  • Kannada    –            katu rohani
  • Tamil   –            katuku rogani
  • Telgu  –            katuka rogani
  • Maratha –             kali katuki
  • Gujarati –            kadu
  • Chinese         –           hu huang lian

 

PARTS USED

 

  • ROOTS
  • UNDER GROUND PARTS<RHIZOME &ROOTS>

 

DOSAGE

 

Powder              –             0.5 – 1 gram(therapeutic)

                                                    3 – 6 gram(purgative)

 

 

YOGAS

  • Arogyavardhinira –  (R.R.S)
  • Tiktadi kwatha –  (Bhi.R.97/21-22)
  • Tiktaka ghrta –  (Bhi.R.54/239-242)
  • Rathivalabha mothaka – (Bhi.R.74/189-199)

 

 

CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS

 

Major chemical components are obtained from root and rhizomes.They are

  • D-mannitol
  • Kutkiol
  • Kutkisterol
  • Vanillic acid
  • Picrorhizin
  • Verinicoside
  • Cucurbitacin
  • Apocynin
  • Acetophenone
  • Glycosides

 

 

GUNA

  • RASA –          Tikta
  • Guna –          Ruksha,Laghu
  • Virya –          Sheeta

KARMA

 

  • Kapha-pittahara – (kai.ni, su.u,sh.ni,sha.va)
  • Bhedana – (kai.ni,sha.ni,bha.pra)
  • Leghana – (ca.ni,sha.ni)
  • Dipana – (kai.ni,sha.ni)
  • Hrudya – (sha.ni, bha.pra,sha.ni)
  • Agni dipana – (kai.ni)
  • Sthanya sodana – (ca.s.)
  • Pramehagna      – (kai.ni,bha.pra,sha.ni.)
  • Krumigna – (kai.ni,bha.pra)
  • Jvaragna – (dha.ni,ra.ni,sha.ni)
  • Kushtagna – (kai.ni,sha.ni)
  • Kasahara – (kai.ni,bha.pra)
  • Shvasahara – (kai.ni,bha.pra)
  • Arsogna – (kai.ni.)

 

 

 

PRAYOGAS

  • Jwara  –    (dha.ni,r.ni,sho.ni,kai.ni)
  • Prameha – (kai.ni,bha.pra,sho.ni)
  • Swasa  –   (kai.ni,bha.pra,sho.ni)
  • Kasa  –    (kai.ni,bha.pra,sho.ni)
  • Rakta vikaras  –  (dha.ni,bha.pra,r.ni)
  • Daha  –   (dha.ni,kai.ni,bha.pra)
  • Kustha  –  (kai.ni,sho.ni)
  • Arocaka  –  (dha.ni,r.ni)
  • Visama jwara  –  (dha.ni,sho.ni)

 

               THERAPEUTIC USES

1.FEVER

  • Katuka finely powered and mixed with sugar,alleviates fever caused by pitta(as.ci.1/76)
  • Oil cooked with powder of katuka alleviates fever.

2.ANAEMIA

  • Katukadya ghrta (cs.ci.16/47-49)

3.HEART DISEASE

  • In heart disease caused by pitta,one should take paste of katuka and madhuka with sugar-water.(cs.ci.26/91)

4.AMAL PITTA

  • Katuka mixed with sugar or patola and sunthi mixed with honey should be taken.

5.KUSTHA

  • Katuka mixed with ativisa,usira and candana is efficacious in kustha(cs.ci.7/132)

FOLKLORE USES

 

Used orally to treat anemia, asthma, diarrhoe, dyspepsia, fever,headaches,obesity and stomach ache.Also used as an anti-inflammatory agent.

 

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