Aegle marmelos corr – Ayurvedic Herb
Bilwa is extensievely described and used in vedic literature. Bilwa mani dharana is considered as dhuswapna nashana, raksogna, rasayana, pranjastapana, vishagna etc. Its cosmetic properties were also documented in ancient text.
Bilwa is considered to be the best sangrahika and deepaniya drug being vata kaphahara.Bilwa patra is however vatahara only. sushrutha quoted bilwa as rasayana.
Bilwa is also called shiva dhruma is held sacred by hindus the leaves being offered in prayers to siva and parvati.
As chorpara aptly puts it. No drug has been longer better known more appreciated by the inhabitants of india than beal fruit.
SYNONYMS & ITS INTERPRETATION
Bilwa : Useful in bowel disease particularly dysentery and diarrhea
Kantaki : A thorny tree
Gandha garbha : Pulp with resinous odour
Malura : Useful in bowel disease
Shalatu : Fruits ripen in year
Shantilya : It relieves from disease and also from troubles
Shilusha : Tree growing even in hilly areas
Shriphala : The fruits are good to look at
Sadhaphala : The fruits are hanging in tree always
Puthimarutha : Useful as carminative and relives the bad smell
Vathasara : act as carminative and relives flatulence from abdomen
Gandha patra : The leaves having aroma
The author had seen another variety of bilwa known as Ek patti bilwa(single leaf beal) at the botanical garden of Annapurna bioved Hyderabad situated at thurkapalli village Andhra pradhesh. It is belived to be an eco-type or variety of Aegle marmelos.
Caraka : Sothahara, Arsogna, Asthapanopaga
Susrutha : Varunadi, Ambashtathi, Brahat panchamula
Vagbhatta : Varunadi, Ambashtathi
Hindi : Bel,Bela
Telugu : Maredu
Kannada : Bilva, Bilpatrae
Malayalam : Koovalam
Tamil : Vilvam
English : Bael or Bengal quince
Roots : Xanthotoxin, umbeliferone, marmesin, marmin, skimming etc
Heart wood : Furoqinoline, marmesin, sitosterol etc
Leaves : Essential oil containing, bhellandrene, rutin, marmesinin, aegelin, aegelenine
Ripe fruits : Xanthotoxol, marmesinin, sikmmin etc
Unripe fruits : Marmeline, aegeline, imperatorin, allomieperatorin and xanthotoxol
Cus activity : Aques and alchaholic extract of leaves caused and increase in amplitude and force of contraction of frogs heart similar to those shown by digoxin. Both the extracts stimulated frog heart as seen from ecg.
Antidiabetic property : The alchoholic extracts of root and fruts showed hypoglycemic activity in albino rats.
Anthelminitic activity : Marmelosin showed anthhelminitic activity against anlaylostomiasis
Antidiarrheal activity : Effect of beal fruit in a moebiasis is reported (vernaB.H.U)
- Bilwa powder in atisara (tupe)
- Bilwa powder inpravahika(chandak nashik)
Rasa : kasaya, Tikta
Guna : Laghu, Ruksa
Virya : Usna
Vipaka : Katu
- Agni Mandhya
SUBSTITUTES AND ADULTERANTS
Mula : Basal portion of stout lateral roots varying from 30-120 cm in length and 15-30 cm in thickness are more commonly available in drug market. The thinner roots are however preferred as in proportion to their weight they contain a greater quantity of the bark which is indicated as official part in the text.
Phala : Peeled pieces of fruits of feronia lemonica(L)swingle are occasionally found as adulterant. These are distinguished by the absence of cells. The seeds being directly in the pulp in an irregular fashion.
- Leaves pasted with jiggery and given for curing hotness in abdomen in singhani area of hazaribhag
- Fruits pulp is said to aromatic cooling laxative and digestive
- Leaf juice given along with honey in cold and cough in mahilong, ranchi
Mula : Mutrala, Sothagna, Sulaprasamana, Cardinigrahana
Phala : Vidahi, Vishtambi, Anulomana, Dipana, Pacana, Grahi, Pittrakrt, Vatakaphahara.
- Manasa mitra vataka
- Agasthya hareethaki rasayana
- Dasdamula kwatha curna
- Brahat gagadhara curna
- Bilvadi ghrta
- Bilvadi curna
- Dhanya panchaka kwatha
- Maha narayana taila
- Bilva taila
- Bilvadi lehya
MATRA OR DOSAGE
- Decoction : 50-100ml
- Powder : 3-5gm
- Leaf juice : 10-20ml
- Pittatisara: Fruit pulp of bilwa and madhuka are mixed with sugar and honey and administrated with rice water(su.sut.40)
- Grahani: Paste of un ripen fruit of bilva is given with sunti or guda while the patient is on butter milk as diet(v.m)
- Kamala: Leaf juice of bilwa is given along with trikatu(c.s.ci16)
- In pravahika: Bilwa majja is given with dadhi
- In madhumeha: Patra swarasa is given to reduce the blood
- In amavata: Unripened fruit pulp powder is given with guda
- It is useful in vataroga hrdroga and unmade
- In sangrahani in the beginning stage the ripened fruit is given with sarkara