Bhallathaka

Semicarpus anacardium – Ayurvedic Herb

 

 

Bhallathaka

 

SYNONYMS 

  • Bhallataka
  • Arushka
  • Arushkara
  • Agnika
  • Agnimukhi
  • Bhalli
  • Veera vriksha
  • Shopha krit
  • Krimigna
  • Thaila beeja
  • Dhanurbeeja
  • Vatari
  • Bhutanashana
  • Bhedana

 

VERNACULAR NAMES

 

English                 –        Semicarpus Anacardium Earking Nut

Sanskrit               –        Bhallataka , Arushka , Agnika , Agnimukhi

Hindi                    –        Bhilama , Bhilaya , Bhela , Bhiloura

Bengali                –        Bhela bhelagacha , Bhurthuki

Gujarathi             –        Bhilaya , Bhiyalu

Kannada              –        Godambi , Karebeeja , gerubeeja , giru

Telugu                 –        Jingicheatta , Nalajeedi

Farcy                    –        Bhiladara , Bhiladura

Tamil                   –        Tatramkottai , Soramkottai

 

DOSE

 

Kalka          –        3-5 gms

Taila            –        10-20 drops

1.2 g of the drug in ksheerapaka

 

YOGA

 

Amruta Bhallataka Lehya

Bhallataka kshirapaaka

Bhallataka parpati

Bhallataka taila

Bhallataka rasayana

Bhallataka modaka

Sanjivani vati

 

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

 

Contain 32 % of an irritant oil

Anacardic acid

Nonvolatile alcohol – cardol

Catechol

Anacardol fixed oil.

 

 

PROPERTY /DOSHAGHNATA

 

Rasa             :                Tikta, Katu, Kashaya , Madura

Guna             :                Lagu , Snigdha , Tikshna

Virya             :                Ushna

Vipaka         :                Madhura

 

DOSHAGNATHA

  

  Kapha vata shamaka

 

KARMA

 

  • Sitaprashamana
  • Medya
  • Balaprada
  • Dipana
  • Vajikara
  • Mutra janana
  • Vishagna
  • Hridya
  • Vrisya
  • Svedajanana
  • Brimhana
  • Vata kapha hara
  • Chedana

 

PRAYOGA

 

  • Kushta
  • Klibya
  • Dourbalya
  • Kesavikara
  • Vibanda
  • Aanaha
  • Arshas
  • Udara roga
  • Grahani
  • Krimi
  • Vrana jwara
  • Shoola
  • Swtra
  • Masthishka Dourbalya

 

THERAPEUTIC USES

 

Rasayanartha – Good Bhallataka should be collected and selected during Jesta and ashada masa and kept in b/w yava and masha for 4 months.

During Margashirsha/pushyamasa it should be removed and used as rasayana (Cha.Chi)

In ARSHAS– Bhallataka kwada by an increasing order in dose of 1 pal (su.chi).

In Kushta – kwada of Bhallataka, haridaki, vidanga given internally (si.chi).

INDRALUPTHA  – Bhallataka  Rasa + Madu applied externally.

Vajikaranartha – Bhallataka phala with Godugdha

Plihodara –bhallataka  with abayajiraka guda given internally for 7 days (vangasena)

Kaphajagulama raktapitta_Bhallataka phala + grita and sarkara given internally (Chakradatta)

Pakshaghada-Bhallataka kwada and high dose leads to abortion used in dismennorrhoea .

 

CONTRAINDICATION

 

Pathya – when the drug is administered, the patient should take ghrita, kshira and rice in excess.

Varjya – when the person is under Bhall

taka treatment should not come out sunshine and should not have relation with women , should avoid meat , salt, exercise oil massage

Nishedha – Pittavikara , Raktasravaprakruti , garbini  bala vrudda , patient suffering from Atisara , Vrukka shotha during ushnakala the drug should not be administered

Ahithaprabava– the urine become dark colour , burning and itching sensation all over the body , Atisara , jvara, sometime raktameha , unmada, in the bigining there will be itching sensation in Anus and penis.

Nivarana – Foremost thing is to stop the drug at earliest symptom, tender coconut water should be given for drinking , Narikela taila, ghrita or Nagadrava should be applied externally.

Shodhana karma – for shodhana , Bhallataka fruits are taken after removing attachment of thalamus- they are soaked in gomuthra for 7 days  and thereafter in godugda for 7 days. The seeds are then put into Bag containing coarse Brick powder to reduce oil content, then the fruits are washed with water and dried in air.

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