YAVASA

Alhagi Camelorum

[Fabaceae]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The drug Yavasa, is known by the  botanical name  Alhagi camelorum, belonging to fabaceae family. It has main action like pitta-shleshma prashamana, trsnanigrahana, dahaprasamana etc.. It is an important herb with excellent therapeutic utiltiy in jvara, raktapitta . It is one among the controversial drug. WHO has evolved guidelines to support the development of traditional medicines in member status.

 

 

 

LITERARY REVIEW

 

The drug Yavasa is explained in all brihathraies. Acharya charaka mentioned this drug in 3rd chapter of Suthrasthana and 3 , 4 , 14th chapter of cikitsasthana.Acharya vagbhata mentioned in his uttaratantra 22nd chapter. Acharya susrutha mentioned this drug in his suthrasthana under the  heading of Yasa sarkara Nighandus also mentioned about Yavasa.

 

SYNONYMS

 

Yasa

Yavasa

Balapatra

Yavasaka

Deerghamula

Kantaki

Vishagna

Marudbhava

Dusparsha

Thamramuli

Sevani

Khara

Dooramula

Vikarnika

Sookshmapatra

Anantha

Yavasasarkara

Rodanika

Sudooramula

 

VERNACULAR NAMES

 

English                – Persian manna plant, Camal thron

Hindi                  – Javasa

Gujarati              –  Javaso

Bengali                –  Javasa

Arabi                   – Haj, Algoul

Persia                  – Khareshutur

Malayalam         – Kappa ttumpa

Kannada             – Turuche

Tamil                  – Punaikanjuri , Kanchori

Telugu                 – Chinnadoolagondi, Dhanvaya samu

 

GANA / VARGA

 

According to:

 

Charaka                                  –

Susrutha                                –

Vagbhatta                              –

Kaiyadeva nighantu             –  Oshadhi varga

Shodala nighantu                 –  Gudchyadi varga

Raja Nighantu                      – Shatahvadi varga

Bavaprakasa Nighantu        – Gudchyadi varga

Dhanvanthari Nighantu     – Shathapushpadi Varga.

 

 

PART USED

 

Whole plant

Yasasarkara

 

                                    

DOSAGE

 

Swarasa                        –        10 – 20 ml

Kwatha                         –        40 – 50 ml

Yasasarkara                 –        3 – 6 gms

20- 50 grams of the drug powder form for decotion

 

 

CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS

 

Melizitose                    –        47. 1 %

Sucrose                         –        26.4 %

Invert Sugar                –        11.6 %

 

PROPERTIES

 

Rasa           –        Madhura, Tikta, Kasaya

Doshagna –        Vata – pitta samaka

Kaphanihsaraka.

Guna                   –        Guru, snigdha

Virya                   –        Sita

Vipaka       –        Madhura

 

 

KARMA

 

Trsnanigrahana

Dahaprasamana

Mastiskasamaka

Chardinigrahana

Anulomana

Raktarodhaka

Kaphanihsaraka

Mutrajanana

Vrsya

Jvaraghna

Kalupoustika

Kotha prasamana

Balya

Brmhana

Tvagdosahara

 

 

PRAYOGA

 

Trsna

Chhardi

Arsa

Raktapitta – Vatarakta

Bhrama

Mastiska dourbalya

Pratisyaya – kasa – Svasa –galaroga

Mutrakrchra

Sirahsula

Sandhivata

Sukradourbalya

Carmaroga

Jvara – Vatapitta janyopadrava.

 

PHARMACO – THERAPEUTIC

ACTION & USES

 

EXTERNAL USES:

  • It alleviates swelling and pain
  • It is used in piles
  • Leaf juice is used as nasal drops in headache.
  • Oil boiled with dhamasa is used for massage in rheumaloid arthritis.
  • Decotion is used for gargling in stomatitis and for cleaning wounds.
  • It prevents pus formation.

 

INTERNAL USES

  • It is used in symptoms like syncope.
  • It is used in emesis, dyspepsia, constipation, jaundice.
  • It is useful in haemorrhagic disorders.
  • It is used in common cold, cough, asthma
  • It is useful in neck stiffness.
  • It increases physical strength , weight.

 

THERAPEUTIC USES

 

  • The drug Yavasa is trsnanigrahana
  • The Manna or Yasasarkara is mild laxative
  • The plant is given as fodder to camels liking Yavasaka herb for their feed of relish.
  • It is useful in burning sensation. Chronic fever, madatyaya, piles, diseases of mouth.
  • This drug is used in the disorders of respiratory system.
  • It is useful in toning up the brain.
  • It is useful in seminal disorders.
  • The decoction of herb or leaves is used as gargle in catarrhal and throat effusions.
  • Used in general debility and skin affections.
  • It is used in vertigo, haemorrhage, gout , fever.

 

 

YOGAS

 

Agasayavaleha

Khadiradi gulika

Vasadya ghrta

Cinnodbhavadi kwtha curna

Gandharvahastadi kwtha curna

Bharangyadi kwatha curna

Aremedadi taila.

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