Osteoarthritis Treatment in Ayurveda

Osteoarthritis Treatment in Ayurveda

Sandigata Vata or Osteoarthritis is one of the prominent categories of health diagnosis affected by most. The necessity of elucidating the cause is essential to ensure that the origin of the disease is treated with due care. As most of the medical branches offer a way of treating the pain and reducing the inflammation, Ayurveda focuses on approaching the disease from several perspectives.

Understanding the Sandigata Vata, severe pain is the cause of inflammation and swelling in the joints which in results slow degeneration of the body. Knees, Hips, and hands are often found more relatable with OA (Osteoarthritis). Due to the extreme pain fatalities, OA is considered one of the most discussed and researched subjects in medicine. OA is found more frequently in women than men with more than 30% of the Indian elder population suffering from OA. Study shows that more than 45% of women after the age of 65 have symptoms and surprisingly many of them are undiagnosed or inattentive to the cause. The known causes of increased incidence, of this disease in women, are the increase in body weight post delivery or menopause which increases the pressure on joints causing damage. However new researches are being done to understand the exact causes of Osteoarthritis.

Addressing the question of ‘why the population relies on attaining a short-term pain reduction than approaching the disease in way of achieving a permanent cure’, the difficulty in ensuring the perfect medicinal route and the cost of surgery that may occur eventually due to swelling and wear & tear of joints stand as hindrances. 

The stages of OA can be of four, Where Minor starts with a showing of symptoms of initial wear and tear, followed by mild, moderate, and finally severe. The final stage stress down the necessity to carry out medical treatment with immediate effect, to reduce the pain. The final stage pressure on advancing the option of replacement of joint. 

Ayurveda proposes the treatment of Sandigata Vata broadly. The diagnosis is treated from physical, metabolic, and mental perspectives in order to reduce the pain and to take steps to prolong the results. Based on the stage of severity, Ayurveda initiates medications, which solely focus on strengthening the surrounding tissues of the joints. The concept called ‘Agni’ in Ayurveda refers to the metabolism and absorption of essential nutrients which also involves the reabsorption of Calcium in the bones which further helps in managing the bone density. This treatment, The Ayurveda Panchakarma Treatment, altered favorably based on the stage of OA the patient suffers. 

The important models of Osteoarthritis treatment in Ayurveda

Snehana, the oleation therapy which prepares the human body to absorb the treatment at its best, followed by Svedana, the multimodal of consisting Bashpa svedana, patrapinda svedana, Shastika Shali Pinda Svedana, Upanaha Sweda. The Janu Basti, Bahu Basti, and Greeva Basti are treatments on the Knee joint, Shoulder joint, and cervical area respectively. Forwarding the Rasayana Therapies which can be corelated to the modern day rejuvenation has remarkable results in regaining the health and strengthening tissues. 

The initial stages of Osteoarthritis can be painful as it spreads rapidly especially in women and old age. The cause can be of hereditary, joint overuse, and Obesity. Patients who have a history of rheumatoid are more prone to OA. Adding to the treatment module, the efficacy of patient-based combinations, it is vital to advocate healthy dietary control along with specific lifestyle modifications. Considering the history of the patient and acknowledging the accepted treatment methods, the severity of Sandigata Vata is curable to a greater degree ensuring a steady-state of health in the long run. Osteoarthritis Treatment in Ayurveda is recommended even by other contemporary Doctors now a days.


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