Nagabala – Sida Veronicaefolia – Ayurvedic Herb
Synonyms in sanskrit
English – Heart leaf fan petals, snake mallow.
Hindi – Bananiyar, Bhyunli bhuinii
Tamil – Palampasi
Marathi – Nagabala
Gujarati – Gangeti
Bengali – Goraksha chakule
Telugu – Gayapaaku, bekkinata legida
Kannada – Nagabala, Turuvegida
Malayalam – Vallikkuruntotti, Nagabala.
Two plants are mainly used with this name.
- Nagabala – Sida veronicaefolia
- Gangeruki – Grewia hirsuta
- Guda sarkhara – Grewia species
- Grewia populifolia
- Distributed in hotter parts of India.
- It grows in tropical countries, but also grows in stony and hilly regions. Abundant in Bihar, Vindhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Konkan.
- Whole Plant
Mula Curna – 3 – 6 gms
Kwatha – 50 – 100 ml
Phala – 3 – 6 gms
Puspa – 3 – 6 gms
Pancanga curna – 3 – 6 gms
Rasa – Madhura, Kasaya
Guna – Guru, snigdha, picchila
Virya – Sita
Vipaka – Madhura
Nadibalya – Medhya
Snehana – Amlatanasaka
Hrdya – Raktapittasamaka
Vrsya – Garbhasthapana
Kosthagatavata – Vibandha
Kasa – Svasa – Svarabheda
Raktapradara – Garbhapata
Vrana – Ksata
The controversy on Nagabala or Gangeruki seems to be relatively recent cakrapani considered Gangeruki as Nagabala Fruit [C.S.27/142]. In this context Gangadhara clarified that this plant is also known as Guda sarkara. In another context cakrapani described Nagabala as Goraksa Tandula (S.S. Su 15/33] Sivadas sen also opined that Nagabala is Goraksa Cakuliya. Another commentator Adhamalla also mentioned that Nagabala and Guda sarkara are the synonyms of Gangeruki.
From the above finding it is apparent that the controversy started with the synoymn / vernacular name Guda sarkaea which is Grewia species Thakurji described that different plants viz. Sida spinosa, sida vermicaefolia, urena lobata, Grewia populifolia & Grewia hirsuta have been accepted as Nagabala at various places.
Gangeruki and Guda sarkara may be the two species of Grewia i.e Grewia populifolia and Grewia hirsuta respectively . Therefore Nagabala can be accepted as sida veronicaefolia.
PHARMACO – THERAPEUTIC ACTION & USES
It has haemostatic, analgesic and wound healing properties. Paste of either root or leaves used for bleeding disorders & wounds.
- It is used in nerve debility, loss of memory & vata disorders.
- Useful in acid – peptic disorder & constipation.
- Effective in cough, dyspnoea, tuberculosis & hoarseness of voice.
- Used in retention of urine, dysuria & gonorrhoea.
- Useful in Fever.
- General debility and muscle wasting.
- The drug Nagabala is used to pacify provocation of Vata & Pitta.
- Used in nervine tonic, brain tonic, demulcent, diuretic & cardiac tonic.
- It pacifies burning sensation & raktapitta.
- It has foetus stabilizing properties.
- It has wound healing, blood coagulant and analgesic action.
- It is given in diarrhoea & dysentery.
- Used in heart disease, cough & dyspnoea.
- Excellent rasayana & balya medicine.
- A paste of the root in water is applied to wounds to hasten suppuration and as a dressing of wounds.
- For Rasayana, Nagabala rasayana is recommended in classical texts of medicine. ( caraka samhita, cikitsa, 12 – 11 and Ash. Hri, uttara 39 / 54 – 55]
- The drug Nagabala is used in treatment of ksaya, raktapitta, hrdroga, ksata ksina & klaivya.