JIRAKA – Cuminum cyminum linn – Ayurvedic Herb
SYNONYMS AND INTERPRETATIONS
Jiraka – that which helps in digestion.
Ajaji – its nature is to improve the appetite.
Jarana – provides good digestion.
Kana – it has many minute parts.
Peethabam – fruits are yellowish.
Ruchya – improves taste in the mouth.
Medhyam – good tonic for brain.
Dipyaka – the fruits are longish shape.
- Sanskrit – Jiraka.
- English – Cuminum seeds.
- Hindi – Safed jeera.
- Kannada – Jirige.
- Malayalam – Jirakam.
- Telugu – Jilakarra.
- Bengali – Jira.
- Marathi – Jirein.
- Gujarathi – Jirun.
- Tamil – Chirakam.
According to sushrutha : shukla & Peeta
According to Dhanvantari nighantu : Jiraka ( Ajaji), Shukla jiraka, Krishna jiraka, Vanya jirah
According to Shodala nighantu : Upakunchika, Shukla jiraka, Krishna jiraka
According to Kaiyadeva nighantu : Shukla jiraka, Krishna jiraka, Kaali kaakaa
According to madanapala nighantu : Shwetha, Upakunchika, Shyaama
SEED : Cuminin
P – cymene
FRUIT : Fatty oil
RASA : Katu
GUNA : Laghu, Ruksha
VIRYA : Ushna
VIPAKA : Katu
The volatile oil has immune – stimulatory effect on infections.
The seeds have aphrodisiac properties.
Amla pitta – Ghee prepared with jiraka & dhanyaka is useful.(Chakradatta)
Chardi – Souvarchala lavana, jiraka ,sharkara & maricha are mixed with honey & given as anti – emetic.(vranda madhava)
Vishama jvara – jiraka powder should be given with jiggery. ( A.S.Chi 2/93)
A fine paste of cumin seeds with water applied on boils or aching body parts gives relief from pain.
Water boiled with ground jeera has to be given regularly to lactating mothers, this increases breast milk and reduces inflammation of uterus.
Roast jeera without oil till it warm, grind this to a fine powder along with rock salt and massage gums with this powder this help to prevent bleeding from gums & strengthens them.
A tea prepared by boiling and a small piece of fresh ginger help to give relief in common cold.
Patients suffering from irritable bowel syndrome can use pomegranate juice mixed with roasted and ground jeera powder this helps to reduce frequency of stools and sooths colon.
- Fruit powder : 3 – 6 gm
Cultivation of cumin requires a long, hot summer with 3 – 4 months with daytime temperatures around 30 c it is drought tolerant, and is mostly grown in Mediterranean climates. A hot climate is prefered, but it can be grown cooler regions if, but it can be grown cooler regions if started under glass in spring.
It is grown from seed sown in spring and needs a fertile, well drained soil. A sandy soil is best, when the seedlings have hardened, transparent carefully to a sunny aspect, planting out 15 cm apart seed regularly.
The reported life zone of cumin is 9 – 26 0 c with an annual precipitation of 0.3 – 2.7 mts and a soil ph of 4.5 – 8.30 c.
Alcoholic extract of seeds at 150 mg/kg showed 100% anti-fertility effect in early pregnancy in female rats.
- (Ind. J. Med. Res 1976, 64, 1133)
Seeds significantly decreased incidence of both bengo (a) pyrene – induced neoplasia in swiss mice and hepatomas in wistar rats.
- (Food chem. Toxicol. 1992, 30,953)