Ferula narthex Boiss – Ayurvedic Herb
Synonyms and interpretation
Gudagandha : Its smell cannot be covered by any means
Janthuka : It is available in sectretion form
Janthugna : It acts as a antimicrobial
Jaranam : It is a good appetizer and helps in digestion
Bahalika : It is mainly available in bahalika desha
Ramatam : It is also available in ramata desha
Sahasravedi : Asit posses many properties it curies many diseases
Atyugra : Exessive penetrating smell
Bhuthanashana : It is antibacterial
Agundhagandha : has a penetrating smeel
Supagandha : has a distinctive smell
Hingu : It has a penetrating smeel and curies diseases of kapha
English – Asafotida
Hindi – Hingu
Kannada – Ingu
Malayalam – Kayam , Perukayam
Gujurati – Bagharani
Tamil – Perukayam
Telugu – Inguva
Punjabi – Hing
Marathi – Hing
Persian – Angoj
Arabic – Hillatil
Burma – Shinka Sindh Vagharni
French – Ferula Asafoetida
Germany – Stinkendes
Bengali – Hingu
- Oleogumresin (Niryasa)
- 125-500mg of drug
- Resin – 40-64%.
- Gum -25% Apinene.
- Volatile oil – 1.5-10%.
- Gum : Apinene, Phellandrene, see butylprophenyl disulfide
A trisulfide, Asaresinotannol, Farnesiferol, Kamolonol, Mogoltadone, polyanthinin, polyanthin.
- Root : Foetidin, Luteolin.
- Whole plant : Assafoetidin, Ferocolicin.
- Kapha nisaraka
- Udara Vikara
- Agni Mandya
- Kukkuso Kasa
- Puppusa Shotha
- Vata Vikara
- Arditha Sangnanasha
- Mutra Ghata
- Basti Shula
- Raja Kruchra
- Hinguvastaka choorna
- Hingvadi choorna
- Hinguvachadi choorna
- Hingutriguna taila
- Abhaya lavana
- Lashunadi ghrita
- Dashamula ghrta
- Mrutyunjaya rasa
- Hingvadi taila
- Kanaka sunadara rasa
- Boladi vati
Gum is used as stomachic, laxative ageitis and kamala.
Krimidanta- hingu in warm state is used to fill the dental cavities. [Vrinda madhava]
Vishama jwara- Chaturthaka jwara is treated by snuffing hingu mixed with old ghee. [Vrinda madhava]
Madatyaya- hingu mixed with suvarcalavana and marica shall be given with madatyaya and amla kanjika in alcoholism.
Stem-has sharp taste flavors it is tonic to brain and liver in paralysis.
Gum resin is applied as paste in ringworm.
It produces remarkable effect in pneumonia.
- Asafoetida produced slight inhibition of stap aureus and shigella sonnei.
- Cutcolin exhibited anti-polio virus activity which was comparable to that of ascorbate stabilized querectin.
- The acutenessof the sense of hearing is diminished by continued ingestion of asafetida.
- Essential oil showed significant protective action against fat induced increase in plasma fibrinogen and decrease in coagulation time and fibrinolytic activity on alimentary hyperlipaemia serum , cholesterol was also slightly lowered.
- Fruits are used as vegetables.
- Fruits are believed to be particularly suitable for convalescents.
- Vegetable is easilydigestive and is saidto be diuretic and laxative.
- Prescribed for patients sufferingfrom disorder of circulation system.
The resin and gums comes from the dried sample extracted from the stem and roots and is used as a species. The resin is greenish- white when fresh but dries to dark amber colour. The asafetida resin is difficult to grate and is traditionally crushed between stones or with hammer. Today the most commonly available form is compound asafoetida a fine powder containing 34% asafoetida resin along with rice flour.
Substituent and adulterants
Merchants mix pebbles mud leaves and gum acacia as adulterants which collect at the bottom of the water, if dissolved in it pure hingu burns well.
The important material usually found mixed with small stones, sand, rootlets of plant from which it is obtained.
Bapalasi is of the opinion that hingupatri and vamsapatri are aynonymous according to some commentators. But Bhavamishara consider both as separate plants.
Hingupatri is considered by many as Nadi Hingu i,e Gardenia gummiferaeinn. The author is also of the same opinion to conclude that hingupatri may not have any relation with hingu as is the case with ‘Nimba niryasa’ which is famous as ‘HInguniryasa”