According to Ayurveda, just before doing Panchakarma – Patient should be undergone some of the Purvaroopa’s that is preparatory procedures. Under this we can include 4 such preparatory procedures:-
These procedures makes the patient ready to undergo the 5 Therapeutic procedures collectively called as Panchakarma
Now for the question that how these preparatory treatment acts and helps the body ready to eliminate Dosha’s during panchakarama, the answer is that:-
Deepana causes Kindling of Aama, Paachana causes Digestion of Aama, Snehana causes the dosha, utkleshana(Gives an Excitation action for Dosha), Swedana liquefies the dosha and allow it to move to Koshta(Git) from all the Shakha’s(Extrimities of body)
Now after preparatory procedures, during panchakarma it is easy to eliminate the dosha’s present in the Koshta through the nearby orifices.
For instances it can be through the upper Orifice in Vamana and through the lower Orifice in Virechana.
Now Chavutti thirummu, Chavutti Uzhichil/Padaghatha is one such procedure that come under Snehana(Oleation).
General Benefits of Abhyanga
According to Ashtanga Hrudaya Sootrasthana, those who undergo Abhyanga daily will get benefits like:-
- Jara hara:- Prevents ageing, provides youthfulness, prevents greying of hair
- Sramahara:- It relieves tiredness, fatigue
- Vatahara:- Since Oil has opposite properties of Vata, it corrects vata dosha vitiation and the disease cuased by Vata Dosha.
- Drushti Prasada Kara:- Good for eyes, it has a good action on Sandhi’s of Akshi(Joints of eyes mentioned in Ayurveda)
- Pushtikara:- Nourishes skin and all other tissues
- Ayushya:- Increase the life span
- Svapnakara:- Imparts good sleep
- Twak Dhardyakara:- Increases sturdiness of body, imparts flexibility of body, increase skin tone
Classic Method of Performing Abhyanga
Abhyanga should be commenced with Shiro abhyanga(Head massage) with lukewarm oil and later warm oil is applied to the whole body parts including head, ear, nose, feet and Mardana is done because mere application of oil will not nourish the body.
When Abhyanga(Massage) is done in Anuloma direction, it cures vata dushti. If done in Pratiloma ghati it will cure Kapha dosha. If massage is done in alternate Anuloma – Pratiloma ghati it will cure Pitta dosha.
For performing Abhyanga procedure, patient should lie down in Taila Droni Table, Oil with a temperature of 39 to 41 degree Celsius should be applied on the anterior fontanellae of the head, followed by applying over the whole scalp. Then slowly massaging of Ear, Palm,Feet is done
Chavutti thirummu, Chavutti Uzhichil/Padaghatha Procedure
In Padghatha, massage with deep pressure is done using the foot of the masseur.
For Performing this masseur should have some of the qualities like, he should not have any cracks in feet (since it might injury patients body), His feet should be smooth, He should not be too lean or obese
In this particular procedure one rope is hanged from the roof, masseur should catch hold the rope. Patient will be lying on the floor. After holding the rope standing beside the patient the masseur should dip his feet in oil that is warm and then he should massage the patient with proper balance using his feet.
Masseur with proper balance should apply controlled pressure on patients body, like abdomen, Chest, Limbs, and then on back side.