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Mahanimba, Aralu, (Ailanthus triphysa Roxb) – Ayurveda Medicinal Plant

Mahanimba, Aralu, Ailanthus triphysa Roxb:

Mahanimba, Aralu, Ailanthus triphysa Roxb:


  • Maha nimba
  • Deerkhavrinda
  • Arala
  • Pootivriksha
  • Khodakaranja


English          :     Tree of heaven.

Hindi             :     Atu,Arlu,Artu

Malayalam    :     Matti,Mattippalmaram,pongalyam

Sanskrit         :     Mahanimba,Aralu

Telugu         :     Peddamanu

Tamil           :     Perumaran


Kingdom            :                   Plantae

Phylum              :                    Angiosperms

Class                  :                    Eudicots

Sub class            :                    Rosids

Order                 :                   Sapindales

Family                :                    Simaroubace

Genus                 :                    Alianthus

Species               :                    triphysa



The plants of this family are trees, shrubs, without resin canals often with very bitter bark wood and seeds.Leaves are alternate.Lamina is pinnately veined.Flowers aggregated in inflorescences in cymes,or in racemes,or in spikes,or in panicles,or in catkins.


The members of simaroubaceae family are being distributed throughout India.


Generally the plants are trees or shrubs.They are cultivated in fields and growing wild also.


Root is tap and branched.


Stem is erect,cylindrical herbaceous or woody.


Leaves are alternate,spiral,petiolate,not gland dotted simple or compound.limina is pinnately veined.Lamina margins is entire.


The inflorescence is cyme or receme or spike or panicles or catkins.The ultimate inflorescence unit is cymose or recemose.


Flowers are minute or small,regular cyclic hermaphrodite.


It consist of  3-5 sepals.1 whorled,gamosepalous ir polysepalous,regular,imbricate or valvate.


It consist of 3-5 petals, 1 whorled,polypetalous,imbricate or valvate and regular.


IT consist of 3-16 stamens.Filaments are appendiculate or not appendiculate.  Anthers are dorsifixed or basifixed.


1 carpelled or 2-5 carpelled.Carpels reduced in number relative to the perianth or isomerous with perianth.


Fruits are fleshy or non fleshy an aggregate or not an aggregate.Comprising berrylets or nutlets or druplets.


Seeds are more or less non-endospermic. Cotyledons 2.


Germination phanerocotylar or crptocotylar.


% k (5), C(5), A(10 – ∞),G 1


Habit: It is large deciduous tree grows up to 30 m in height,with straight trunk.

Leaves: Alternate,pinnately compound,large 30-60 cm or more in length.

Leaflets: Leaflets are 8-14 or more pairs,long stalked ovate or broadly lance shaped from unequal base,long pointed hairy gland,coursly toothed and often lobed.

Inflorescence: Few flowered,axillary receme with the flowers densly arranged in pairs.

Flower:  Flowers are cream or green in narrow panicles from upper leaf axils.

Fruit: Fruit is brownish,dry winged samara up to 5 cm long and usually held a cluster of three.

Calyx: It consist of 3-5 sepals and gamosepalous.

Corolla: It consist of 3-5 petals and polypetalous.Imbricate or valvate and regular.

Androecium: It consist of  3-16 stamens.Filaments are appendicular.Anthers dorsifixeed.

Gynoecium: 2-5 carpelled.Carpels reduced in number relative to perianth.

Seed: Reniform with a dark brown to black polished.


Plant contain a rich amount of beta sitosterole,vaitexin 13-18 dehydroglucarabol-15,Ailanthione and Glucarabol-15.The bark contains several quassinoids including ailanthone derivatives.They exhibit antitumour activity against p-388 lymphocytic leukemia and are cytotoxic against K B test system.


Rasa                      :         Tikta,kashaya

Guna                     :         Lakhu,Rooksha

Veerya                  :         Seeta

Vipaka                  :         Katu

Doshagnatha       :         Tridosha nashaka,kapha pitta shyamaka


  • Bark
  • Fruit


  • Grahi –Data base on Indian medicinal plants.
  • Krimigna– Data base on Indian medicinal plants.
  • Raktashodhaka- Data base on Indian medicinal plants.
  • Kushtagna – Data base on Indian medicinal plants.
  • Jwaragna – Data base on Indian medicinal plants.
  • Anulomana – Data base on Indian medicinal plants.
  • Sthanya shodana – Data base on Indian medicinal plants.


  • Jwara-(Data based on Indian medicinal plants)
  • Krimi roga-(Data based on Indian medicinal plants)
  • Rakta vyadi-(Data based on Indian medicinal plants)
  • Tridosa shamaka-(Data based on Indian medicinal plants)


  • The bark of ailanthus both in the recent and dried state, as remedy for dysentery and diarrhea, leurrhoea prolapsus ani etc.
  • 50 gm of the root –bark are infused for a short time in 75 gm of hot water ,then strained,andwhen called, administered in a tea spoon full doses night and morning, it may be administered in sweetened orange-flower water or in some other aromatic.
  • The leaves and bark in powder or in the form of an aqueous or of an alcoholic extract will remove tape worm.
  • Dupis has also found it useful as a taenifuge.
  • Root bark is used for cardiac palpitation, asthma, and epilepsy.
  • The dose of the tincture is from 5 to 60 drops, repeated as often as required or from 2 to 4 times a day; specific ailanthus 5 to 20 drops.


Stem bark                      :                  1-3 gms

Decoction                      :                  50-100ml

Aarogyapaccha (TRICHOPUS ZEYLANICUS) Ayurveda Medicinal Plant



Trichopus zeylanicus is a small herbaceans plant, which is the only species of the family, the Trichopodaceae. Formerly it was attributed to. The Dioscoreoceae family. The leaves are about 2cm long and grow from a rhizome. The shape of the leaves can be highly variable even within one location, but the most common shape is cordate. The herb grows on sandy soil near rivers and streams in shady places in lowland and intermediate altitude forests. Its flowers year long and the fruits are thought to be dispersed by water. The unusual flowers are purplish black. The Malayalam name of the drug is arogya pacla And literally mean of the drug is arogya pacha and literally mean the green that green that gives strength.


Systemic Classification

Kingdom     :         Plantae

(Unranked) :         Angio sperm

(Unranked) :         Monocots

Order          :         Dioscoreales

Family        :         Trichopidaceae

Genus          :         Trichopus

Species       :         zeylanicus


Vernacular Names

Sanskrit      :         Aarogyapaccha

Malayalam  :         Arogyapaccka.

Tamil          :         Sattithanpatchilai


Family character

Small herbaceous plant


They are about 20 cm

Common shape is cordate


Short, Thin


Purplish black coloured 6-petal.

Distribution & habitat 

The herbs grows on sandy soi8l mear river and stream in shady places in lowland & intermediate altitude forests. It is distributed in Malaysia, Singapore, Srilanka, Thailand and the south western ghats mountains of South India.

It has been is use for centuries by the kaani tribal community of the agasthya koodam ranges in kerala, india. for its medicinal properties.

Useful parts

  • Leaves
  • Rhizome
  • Fruits


Capsule – I capsule per day

Chemical composition

Detailed chemical & pharmacological investigations showed that the loaf  of the plant contained flavonoid glycosides, glycolipids and some other non – steroidal compounds with profound adaptogenic & immune – enhancing properties. The fruits showed mainly anti – fatigue.  Properties. The Topical Botanical gardens Research Instituents (TBGRI) was successful in developing a scientifically validated & standadigzed herbal drug, based on the tribal knowledge.

Organoleptic  Study

Colour        :-      Green, flower are purplish black

Odour          :-      Odourless

Taste           :-       Bitter



Rasa            –        Tikta

Guna           –        Guru

Veerya        –        Ushna

Pharmotherapeutic Properties & Actions

In December 1987, a term of scientists undertook a botanical field study into the forests of western ghats of southern kerala. Men from the local kani accompanied them. The leader observed that the men ate some fruits which kept them energetic and agile; the team when offered the the fruits during arduous trekking and upon eating, experienced renewed energy & strength.

Thus the drug increase the strength & provide energy.

Cultivation & Harvesting

The licence to provide jeevani was granted to Arya  Vaidya Pharmacy. A regular supply of the leaves of the plant was required. Scientifiec studies revealed that the medicinal properties of the plant are best manifested in plants growing in natural habitat.

TBGRI suggested that only leaves of the plant are needed, several harvests could be made from the perennial plant without actually destroying it.

Plants grows only sandy soil near rivers and streams in shady places in lowland and intermediate altitude forests.it flowers year long and the fruits are thought to be dispressed by water.

No private parties would be involved in cultivation of this plant.

Folklore Uses

  • The decoction of leaf is used for tiredness
  • The juice of the fruit given for to children for tiredness
  • It is used as energy booster
  • Application of the leaf juice will decrease the headache.
  • The juice of the fruits is taken to improve the immunity.

Economic Importance

The drug is having  great economic importance but it is being patented by Arya Vaidya Pharmacy leaves have been selled in Market.

Kanthala (AGAVE CANTULA Roxb) – Ayurveda Medicinal Plant

Kanthala – AGAVE CANTULA Roxb

Botanical Name – AGAVE CANTULA Roxb

Agorve cantula is a Mexican native plant which is also seen in many parts of the world. It is a succulets with fleshy leaves which is spiney .It is being found in the Southern part too. It is available in Kerala and Karnataka too.It is having anticancer action .The flowers are used in ear troubles and the leaves are used in wound healing.


English                       –           American aloe

Hindi                          –           Baasnake Vaada, Baanskeora, Barakanwar , Kantalaa.

Kannada                   –           Kathhaala, Aane Mundi

Malayalam               –           Naatu Kaitha, Panankttaa.

Sanskrit                     –           Kanthala

Tamil                          –           Katthaalai

Telugu                       –           Kitthanaara

Gujarati                     –           Tanglikanwara

Punjabi                      –           Kantala, kitki

French                       –           Erava de sao jaao


Scientific classification

Kingdom                   –           Plantae

(Unranked)              –           Angiosperm

(Unranked)              –           Monocots

Order                         –           Asparagales

Family                        –           Agavacae

Genus                        –           Agave

Species                      –           cantula


Family character

  • They are perennial, stout, scapiyerous plant
  • They have short woody stem.
  • They are succulent with a large rosette of thick fleshy leaves.



Fleshy, long leaves with spines on it.


Large number of short tubular flower.



Short woody stem

Habitat and descriprion

Chief Mexican, agaves occur also in the southern and  western united states and in central tropical South America. They are succulents with large rosette of thick fleshy leaves, each ending  generally in a sharp point and with a spiny margin, the stout stem is usually shot, the leaves  apparently  springing from the root along with related genus yucca.

Each rosette is monocarpic and gross slowly to flower only once. During flowering, a toll stem or “mast” grown from the centre of the leaf rosette and bears a large number of short tubular flower. After development of fruits. The orginal plant dies but suckers are frequently produced from the based of the stem which become new plants. It is common misconception that agave  are cacti. They are not rebile to cati, nor or they closely related to aloe  whose leaves are similar.


Useful parts



Chemical constituents

Lipid constituents of the plant were identified as hentria cont – 25- enol.

Contents of hecogenium and diosge did in leaves are reportd.

Content of cantalasaponium – 1 from rhizome is reported


Organoleptic study

Colour           –           Fresh green leaves.

Flowers are cream in colour.

Taste              –           Bitter



Rasa               –           Tikta

Yuna               –           Teekshna, Rooksha

Veerya           –           Ushna

Vipaka           –           Rooksha


Pharmo cotherapeutic properties & action

The flowers are used in ear troubles leaves are used in wound healing.


                The ethanotic extract of the rhizome and spirostanol constituents were shown proses sper micidal activities against human sparmatoza  at 2% level.


Cautalaseponin -1- isolated from the rhizome were reported to exbibit some in vitro anticancer activity against J TC – 26 (originating from human cerviced carcinoma) in a concenteration of 25 X 500 mg /ml

Folklore Uses

  • Gum exuding from the leaves and root is used as a cure for tooth ache
  • Used for the treatment for skin problems in folk vetinary medicine of Italy
  • Juice taken from the leaf is used for conjuctivities, irritants, dermatiks
  • Skin of the leaf is used for rheumatism
  • The gum of the leaf is used in pimples
  • Leaves are used for wound healing.

Vishamushti (Ageratum conyzoides) – Ayurveda Medicinal Plant


VishamushtiAgeratum conyzoides

Ageratum is an annual herb that grows about 60 cm high and producer small pretty pink flower at the top of its hairy stems. In some countries it is considered an A weed that is hard to control. Ageratum ranges from southeastern north America to central America, but the center of orgin is in central America and the caribbean. Ageratum is also found in several countries in tropical and sub tropical regions, including Brazil. Ageratum  is also a most common  annual herb which is also common in India. In south India is grown abuntantly and is being considered as a weed. In south it is being found is a white veriety too. It is widely utilized in traditional medicine system where our it grows. It  is been have much medicinal importance all over the world


Vernacular Names Of Ageratum conyzoides


Sanskrit         :           Vishamushti

Kannada       :           Helukase, naayi  thulasi

Konkoni        :           Sahadevi

Malayalam   :           Muryanpacha , appa

Marati           :           Osaadi

Tamil              :           Pumppillu

Telungu         :           Pokabanthi

Tulu                :           Naayi thulasi

English           :           Goat weed, white weed.

Gujarati         :           Ajagandha

Latin               :           Catinga de bode.

French           :           Wedusan.

Indonesia      :           Bandotan

Jamaica         :           Rumpat tahi ayam

Oriya              :           Pokaseenga


Systematic classification


Kingdom                      Planatae – planets


Subkingdom                Tracheobiouta – Vascular plant


Super division              Spermatophyte – seed plants


Devision                     Magnoliophyte – flowering plants


class                          Magnoliopsida – Dicolyledous


Sub class                     Asteridae


Order                          Asteraless


Family                          Asteraceae – aster family


Genes                         Ageratum .L


Species                       conyzoids.

Family character

Ageratum in an annual herb

It is an aromatic drug.

It grows about 60 am high.

Stem                 –     Slender, short, erect stem, branched, hairy and columnar, rough, green when fresh, Dry young stem green, pubscent, sleukes & flatteed .

Leaves             –     Leaves are stalked and two to three inches long and hairy both the sides, opposite, obeliotate, ovate venation is unicostate, reticulate.

Stalk                 –     Stalks are 4 about one inch long and hairy.

Flower             –     Numerous, pale blue, white, pink and foul smelling.

Fruits               –     Fruits are minute & block.

Inflorescence –     Compound  coryamb

Other important  member of the family

Ageratum salbia

Ageratum americana

Ageratum bovicornuta

Ageratum deserti

Ageratum gigantensis

Distribution of Habitat

Here, habitat means natural geographical range of a spices Habitation  means locality where a plant is indigenous.


Their plant is basically a native of Tropical America & Caribbean .It ranges from Southeasten North American to Central America. Also found in  Brazil,Africa,Java,Malaya,Phillippines,Trividad, Venizuela. In India it is found in Kerala, Karnataka , Tamilnadu, Gujarat etc.

It is being considered as weed and is hard  to control.


The plant has numerous adventitous   slenter roots present in clusters growing from nodes & internodes. There are pale  yellow & measures up to  15 cm long and 2.5mm thick.


Long, cylindrical, rough, hispidity hairy , they are much branched & green when fresh. Dry young stem is pale yellow, pubescent, shrunken & flattered.


They are opposite alternative, upper region, petiolate  ovate or triangular ovate.Lamina is thin more or less, hairy on both sides.Venation is unicostate, reticulate.


Numerous, pale blue, white, pink in colour. They are foul smelling.


Fruits are minute&black.

Useful part



Whole plant


Infusion         –           1 cup  twice daily

Tincture         –           2.3 ml twice

Capsules        –           1-2 gm twice daily.


Chemical composition


Ageratum contains many bioactive compounds including flavonoids , alkaloids, cumarins, essential oils, cheomenes, benzofurans, terpenoids, and tonics. The main plant chemical   found in the plant include: 6,7-dimethoxy-2, 2- dimethyl  chromene, 6-demetoxyageratocheomene, 6- vinyl-demethoxy – agreatocheomene,ageratocheomene, alpha-cubebene , alpha pinene, conyzorigin  , endo bosneol , ethyl –engenol, ethyvaxillin, farnesol, friedelin, HCN , kaempferol, beta sitosteed, candinene.

Organoleptic  study


Colour           :           Flowers are white, pink pale blue

Odour            :           Foul smell

Taste              :           Sour & bitter

Size                :           3 feet

Shape            :           Fruits are depressed.



Rasa               –           Tikta, katu

Guna              –           Laghu, rooksha, theeksha

Veerya           –           Ushna

Vipaka           –           Katu

Dosaghna     –           Pittahara, vatahara, kaphahara

Pharmacotherapeutic properties & actions


Extract of the flower did not renders. Any antineoplastic activity against ascetic form of Schwartz leukaemia.


Essential oil obtained from the plant shows antibacterial activity against vibrio. Cholerae,O-gawa, shigella , shigaci.


The essential oil of the plant exhibit antihelmeathic activity against taenia solium & pheretima pasthuma.

It also relieves pain, inflammation, reduces spasms, fever, kills bacteria, relaxes muscles, kills insects, heals wound, prevent ulces, cleanses blood, stops bleeding, stimulates digestion, reduces mucus, rheumatism, urinary  infections, pneumonia, dysentery, diabetis, tumor, flu, cough.

Phamacotheraputic uses

Diarrohoea              – Infusion of whole plant is given as a tonic to cure diarrohoea.


Anal prolapse          – Juice of herb is given


Skin disease              – A hot poultice of the leaves and stem is applied over affected part,


Wounds                    – Leaf juice or leaf paste for application to fresh wound for immediate                                               cure.


Epilepsy                     – Squeeze the leaves with a pinch of common salt and extract the juice                                   put 2-3 drops of juice in both nostrils once only.

Folklore uses

  • A decoction of fresh plant is used as hairwash, leaving hair soft, fragment & dandruff free
  • Tea made of flower head mixed with Ocinurm tenrifolium is used to treat cough & cold
  • Juice of flowerhead is used externally to treat scabies, whitest a paste of them is used to treat rheumatism.
  • A paste of leaf mix with Bideus pilosa, Drymaica cordata, Galinsoga parviflora and rhizome of Zingiber officinate is used to treat snake bite.
  • Paste of leaf is used as poultice to remove thorn from stem
  • Juice of fresh plant is also used in treating post parturn uterium haemorehage.
  • Dry plant is also used in treating post partum uterium haemosehage.
  • Dry plant is powered and used to cuts, sored, ruptures caused by leporasy.

Recent Reserch Advances

Laboratory research has validated several of ageratums uses in traditional medicines. Just tube studies have reported that extract of the whole plant have an antibacterial action against staphylocus aureus, bacillers sublities,eschericlchia coli, and Pseudomounas aeruginosa. In animal studies, it is demonstrated as muscle relaxing and pain relieving effect, confirming its popular use for rheumatism. In Brazil, a water extract of the whole plant war given to human patients with arthrities, 66% reported a decrease in pain and inflammation and 24 % reported an improvement in mobility after one week of treatment without side effects. Reserch in Africa confirmed its traditional uses for wound healing in animal studies in 2003.

Research in India reported that ageratum protect mice from radiation damage & prevented ulcer in mice. Both cellular protection actions were attributed, in part, to an antioxidants effect noted for ageratum.

Vanda,Ittikkanni (Dendropthoe falcate) – Ayurveda Medicinal Plant

Vanda,Ittikkanni (Dendropthoe falcate) – Ayurveda Medicinal Plant





Vernacular Names

Sanskrit – Vanda

Hindi – Baanda

Kannada – Badarika

Malalyalam – Ittikkanni

Tamil – Kimaricham

English – Mistletoe


It is a large busy evergreen parasitic plant found generally on various host plants in large amount world wide.

Primarily is tropical and subtropical region.

Systematic classification

Kingdom – plantac

Subkingdom – viridae plantae

Class – magnoliopsida

Subclass – Rosidae

Order – Santalales

Family characters

Loranthaceae family is the well known family of the parasitic plant that included genus like velum

Its flowers are arrange red colured, softly pubescent in second racemes which are closured is the axils of falls kaves

Fruits are soft, ovoid, oblong etc


Habit – shrubs it is glabrous

Large bushy parasitic herb

Leaves : opposite / alternate, stipules absent unequal, thick, fleshy, ovate- lamceolate

Flowers – orange, red- colours, softly pubescent in second raceme

Inflorescence – Terminal or axillary, racemes, spikes or umbels

Fruit – soft, ovoid, oblong and 1.0 1.2cm long berries which crowned with a persistant calycnles

Calyx – agnate to the ovary, limb, annular to copular, entire or shortly toothed persistent

Officinal part

Whole part of  the plant

Chemical composition

It presence of tannins, flavonoids , terapenoids, methanol and ethyl acetate

Methods of administration

The young leaves are taken and makes juice about ½ cup of juice is takes for 3 days to care chest pain.

Prayoga and uses

In the treatment of tuberculosis, asthama, mania, it is used as menstrual disorder, wounds in prevention of stone in kidney and bladder.

The leaves are made in to a paste and taken in milk by pregnant women to preserve the foetus. The variety growing in mango trees has different application.



Valaka (APORUSA LINDLEYANA) – Ayurveda Medicinal Plant



Family – Eyphorbiaceae

Synonyms – Scepa lindleyana W.T

Vernacular names

K – Challe Mara, Sarali Sylla

Tan – Kodali, Vettil, Vetti

M – Kodali, Vetti

Tulu – Saral

San – Valaka


Habit – Trees up to 15m hall

Bark – Smooth, shallowly fissured brownish, blaze pink

Branches – Branch lets, terate, glabrous

Leaves – Simple, alternate, spiral, stipules oblong lanceolate, acute

Inflorescena – Flowers unisexual, dioecious

Flower – Male flower – axillary, cat kings

Female flowers – condensed cymes

Fruit & Seed – capsule smooth, globose 2-4 seeded

Ecology – usually in open evergreen to semi evergreen forests up to 950m


The bark of the plant was shade dried and powdered. The powdered bark was extracted with solvents of increasing polarities.

Official park


Medicinal uses

The plant is used as traditional medicine for healing skin diseases.

Therapeutic uses

In this plant is used for the diseases like jaundice, fever, leprosy, seminal loss and insanity.


Orgin of plant names

Aporusa (Eyphorbiacae) apo away from “oros” – mountain

Aporusa lindleyana – after John Lindley

(1799 – 1865) – British botanist


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