VIBHEETAKI

[BOTANICAL NAME:TERMINALIA BELLERICA ROXB.]

 

 

 

 

 

It is botanically defined as TerminaliabellericaRoxb.which belongs to combretaceae family.

LITERARY VIEW

In Charaka samhitha, he mentioned the drug it under jvarahara and kasahara group.

Susrutha emphasized that it ismadakara while vagbhatta mentioned under mustadisusrutha also categorized in mustadiand  Triphala. Vibhitaki is used in ancient medicine and described by all the nighantu works.

The modern books like Indian medicinal plants , Indian material Medicaetc mentioned the drug ‘ vibhataki’  under the name of TerminaliabellericaRoxb,( myrobalanusbellericaGaertn)

 

SYNONYMS

Vibhithaka             –        That which removes the fear of diseases

On using internally

Aksha                         –         The seeds are used for playing gambling game as disc.

Kalidruma                  –         Regarded as abode of Kali as it is used as dice.

Bahuvirya                  –         It has broad actions

Thailaphala                –         The seed Kernel is oily

Kaliyugalaya              –         Used as dice in kaliyuga

Bhootavasa                –         Said to be house of devils.

Vibidhaka                  –         Removes diseases and maintains health.

Bahedaka                   –         Commonly known as bahed.

Vindhyajatha             –         Grows mostly in vindhya region.

Kasaghna                    –         Mainly acts as Kaphaksedana and alleviates Kasa.

KarshaPhala               –         The weight of the fruit is one karsa 20 gms

Samvarthaka              –         Alleviates all diseases.

Vasantha                    –         Flowers in Vasantarutu – spring.

 

 

GANAS

 

Kula                      –       Haritakikula

Charaka                 –       Jwaraghna, virechanopaga

Susrutha                –       Triphala, Mustadi

Vaghbatta              –       Mustadi

 

VENACULAR NAMES

 

English           –                  Bellericmyrobalan

Hindi               –                  Bahed

Malayalam     –                  Thannikka

Kannada         –                  Tarekai

Telugu            –                  Tanikaya

Bengali           –                  Baida

Tamil              –                  Akkam, Todikai

Arab                –                  Balilay

Gujarathi        –        Bahera

Marathi             –                Baherha

 

PRAYOJYANGA

  1. Fruit rind
  2. Seed
  3. Seed kernel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

 

  • IN FRUITS: Fructose, glactose, Glucose, Mannitor, shamnose

andsitosterol

  • SEEDS Edible oil
  • SEED: Garlic acid
  • BARK AND
  • HEART WOOD:Chebulagic acid ellagic acid

PROPERTIES

 

Rasa                          –   Kasaya

Guna                        –   Ruksa, Laghu

Virya                        –   Usna

Vipaka                     –   Madhura

Doshagnata              –   Kaphahara, tridosaghana

 

KARMA

  • Chedana
  • Kaphaghna
  • Rechana
  • Anulomana
  • Dipana
  • Vedana
  • Krmighna
  • Kesya
  • Chaksushya
  • Chardinigrahana
  • Kusthaghna
  • Kandughna
  • Raktarodhaka
  • Ropana
  • Sadhyovrana

 

PRAYOGA

 

  • Svitra
  • Asmari
  • Kasa and svasa
  • Atisara
  • Jvara
  • Chardi

 

PHARMACOTHERAPEUTIC ACTION AND USES

 

  • The fruit is bitter, pungent acid. It is useful inbronchitis, sore throat, inflammations, strangury,asthma and disease of nose and eyes, the heart and the urinary bladder.
  • In case of dyspepsia, vomiting, piles, thirst, worms and similar disease of digestive the fruits are useful for oral uses.
  • Semi ripe fruit is given in constipation and the fully ripe and dried fruit is used in diarrhea and in dysentery.
  • Fruits are also useful in internal hemorrhage and bliousness including burning sensation.
  • The bark is useful in asthma, leucoderma.

 

 

 

 

THERAPEUTIC USES

 

  • Svitra –        Akshataila is applied externally (A.H Ci 20)
  • Asmari – powder of vibhitaki seed is given with sura (S.S Ut58)
  • Kasa&Svasa   –       Vibhitaki powder is given with honey after meals (C.D)
  • Atisara    –      Vibhitaki fruit burnt into and given with salt (V.S)

 

FLOKLORE USES

 

  • The fruit in combination with other drug is prescribed for snake bite and scorpion – sting
  • Mixed with honey, it is also used for the application in case of opthalmia.
  • The oil is considered a good application of the hairs

 

RESEARCH STUDIES

 

  • Out of 93 cases of cough and asthma treated with TerminaliabellericaRoxb, 22 showed complete relief, 27 were significantly relieved, while 35 cases were moderately relieved. The drug exhibited brachodiatory antispasmodic and antiasthamatic activities.
  • showed significant activity against both grampositive and gram negative bacteria.
  • The HIV – 1 protease unhibitory activity was determined by using the fruit peal methanol extract.
  • Ethanolic extract of T. bellericaRoxb. back showed 60-66% antifertrility activity when administerd orally at 250mg/kg dose.
  • Most potent inhibitory activity on avian myeloblastosis virus (AMV)- reverse transcriptase (RT)was shown by T. bellericaRoxb.water and methanol extract.
VISHISHTA YOGAS INDICATIONS  REFERENCE
Triphalachoorna

 

 

 

 

 

 

Talisadichoorna

 

 

 

 

Lavangadivati

 

 

TriphalaGuggulu

 

 

Triphalalouha

 

 

 

TriphaladiTaila

 

 

ThailadiGhrta

 

 

TriphaladiKvatha

Akshiroga, twakroga, prameha, raktavikara, kaphavikara

Meha, sopha, Kustha, VishamaJwara, Netraroga

 

Kasa, svasa, jwara, Chardi, atisara, sosa, adhmana, pliha,  Grahani, pandu

 

Used for Kasa and gulma

 

Sotha , bhagandhara, arsa, gulma

 

Amavata, pandu, halimaka, due to  visamajwara

 

Used for rukshika

 

 

Used for timira

 

 

Used for vridhi

Ashtangahrdaya

 

 

Sharangadharasamhitha

 

 

SharangadharaSamhithamadhyama -6

 

 

Vaidyajivanakasasvasachikista -7

 

Sharangadharasamhitha -7

 

Rasendrasarsangraha

 

 

 

BhaishajyaRatnavali -60

 

Bhaishajya Ratnavali-64

 

Bhaisajya Ratnavali-64

 

MATRA

 

  • Choorna: 1-3g

YOGA

 

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