[BOTANICAL NAME:TERMINALIA BELLERICA ROXB.]
It is botanically defined as TerminaliabellericaRoxb.which belongs to combretaceae family.
In Charaka samhitha, he mentioned the drug it under jvarahara and kasahara group.
Susrutha emphasized that it ismadakara while vagbhatta mentioned under mustadisusrutha also categorized in mustadiand Triphala. Vibhitaki is used in ancient medicine and described by all the nighantu works.
The modern books like Indian medicinal plants , Indian material Medicaetc mentioned the drug ‘ vibhataki’ under the name of TerminaliabellericaRoxb,( myrobalanusbellericaGaertn)
Vibhithaka – That which removes the fear of diseases
On using internally
Aksha – The seeds are used for playing gambling game as disc.
Kalidruma – Regarded as abode of Kali as it is used as dice.
Bahuvirya – It has broad actions
Thailaphala – The seed Kernel is oily
Kaliyugalaya – Used as dice in kaliyuga
Bhootavasa – Said to be house of devils.
Vibidhaka – Removes diseases and maintains health.
Bahedaka – Commonly known as bahed.
Vindhyajatha – Grows mostly in vindhya region.
Kasaghna – Mainly acts as Kaphaksedana and alleviates Kasa.
KarshaPhala – The weight of the fruit is one karsa 20 gms
Samvarthaka – Alleviates all diseases.
Vasantha – Flowers in Vasantarutu – spring.
Kula – Haritakikula
Charaka – Jwaraghna, virechanopaga
Susrutha – Triphala, Mustadi
Vaghbatta – Mustadi
English – Bellericmyrobalan
Hindi – Bahed
Malayalam – Thannikka
Kannada – Tarekai
Telugu – Tanikaya
Bengali – Baida
Tamil – Akkam, Todikai
Arab – Balilay
Gujarathi – Bahera
Marathi – Baherha
- Fruit rind
- Seed kernel
- IN FRUITS: Fructose, glactose, Glucose, Mannitor, shamnose
- SEEDS : Edible oil
- SEED: Garlic acid
- BARK AND
- HEART WOOD:Chebulagic acid ellagic acid
Rasa – Kasaya
Guna – Ruksa, Laghu
Virya – Usna
Vipaka – Madhura
Doshagnata – Kaphahara, tridosaghana
- Kasa and svasa
PHARMACOTHERAPEUTIC ACTION AND USES
- The fruit is bitter, pungent acid. It is useful inbronchitis, sore throat, inflammations, strangury,asthma and disease of nose and eyes, the heart and the urinary bladder.
- In case of dyspepsia, vomiting, piles, thirst, worms and similar disease of digestive the fruits are useful for oral uses.
- Semi ripe fruit is given in constipation and the fully ripe and dried fruit is used in diarrhea and in dysentery.
- Fruits are also useful in internal hemorrhage and bliousness including burning sensation.
- The bark is useful in asthma, leucoderma.
- Svitra – Akshataila is applied externally (A.H Ci 20)
- Asmari – powder of vibhitaki seed is given with sura (S.S Ut58)
- Kasa&Svasa – Vibhitaki powder is given with honey after meals (C.D)
- Atisara – Vibhitaki fruit burnt into and given with salt (V.S)
- The fruit in combination with other drug is prescribed for snake bite and scorpion – sting
- Mixed with honey, it is also used for the application in case of opthalmia.
- The oil is considered a good application of the hairs
- Out of 93 cases of cough and asthma treated with TerminaliabellericaRoxb, 22 showed complete relief, 27 were significantly relieved, while 35 cases were moderately relieved. The drug exhibited brachodiatory antispasmodic and antiasthamatic activities.
- showed significant activity against both grampositive and gram negative bacteria.
- The HIV – 1 protease unhibitory activity was determined by using the fruit peal methanol extract.
- Ethanolic extract of T. bellericaRoxb. back showed 60-66% antifertrility activity when administerd orally at 250mg/kg dose.
- Most potent inhibitory activity on avian myeloblastosis virus (AMV)- reverse transcriptase (RT)was shown by T. bellericaRoxb.water and methanol extract.
|Akshiroga, twakroga, prameha, raktavikara, kaphavikara
Meha, sopha, Kustha, VishamaJwara, Netraroga
Kasa, svasa, jwara, Chardi, atisara, sosa, adhmana, pliha, Grahani, pandu
Used for Kasa and gulma
Sotha , bhagandhara, arsa, gulma
Amavata, pandu, halimaka, due to visamajwara
Used for rukshika
Used for timira
Used for vridhi
- Choorna: 1-3g