1. Vaata Eva Vyaadhi Vaatavyaadhih |

Vaata itself is treated as Vyaadhi considering its potential to cause Vyaadhi with dominance of Vaata. Here, Vaataitself acts as a Dooshya and manifests diseases all over the body or locally.


  1. Vaataad Vyaadhih Vaatavyaadhih|

Any disease which is caused due to the dominance of Vaata Dosha, is Vaatavyaadhi.


  1. Vyaadhipadasaamaanaadhikaran`yaad Vikrito Duhkhakaaree Vaato Vaatavyaadhih | M. N. 22.1-4




  • Vaata is main entity as Dosha in the human body. It is the most potent Dosha as many activities of other Doshaare dependent on it. Jvara and other Vyaadhi are also caused by Vaata Dosha also, but they are not denoted asVaatavyaadhi, because other Dosha like Pitta and Kapha both are equally involved, in the pathogenesis of Jvaraetc. diseases. But in the Vaatavyaadhi pathogenesis and manifestation the major role is of Vaata Dosha. OtherAavrita Vikaara like Kaphaavrita and Pittaavrita Vaata etc. are considered under Vaatavyaadhi because there is major involvement of Vaata Dosha than other Dosha.


  • Vaata is Atibala, Aas`hukaaree, Gariyas i. e. it is the most potent and powerful Dosha by which other Dosha; i.e.Kapha and Pitta are influenced. As the Vaatavyaadhi are difficult to cure and have specific treatment, they are described separately. But it is not so with the Pittavikaara and Kaphavikaara so they are not described separately.


  • It is very difficult to describe all the Vaatavyaadhi as there can be innumerable combinations depending upon the site, vitiation of Vaata type etc. Therefore these are to be judged according to the site and the symptoms which are manifested.


  • The prime Dosha in the pathogenesis of Vaatavyaadhi is Vaata, but it is also necessary to find out the association of other two Dosha with the help of the symptoms.


  • Vaata gets aggravated due to two major causes:
  1. Dhaatu Kshaya
  2. Maargaavaran`a


  • Vaata is the most potent Dosha. Being Sookshma (subtle), Vaata moves all over the body and vitiates otherDosha. This leads to the diseases at the site at which the Dosha are aggravated. It also causes emaciation ofDhaatu.


  • Charaka Samhitaa has given the 5 types of Vaata Dosha according to Sthaana (site) and Kriyaa (Vaata responsible for different actions). They are Praan`a, Udaana, Samaana, Vyaana, Samaana, Apaana. When the actions of specific type of Vaata is aggravated or diminished, it is to be taken as a vitiation of Vaata. Actually, 80 types ofNaanaatmaja Vikaaraa are explained in Sootrasthaana of Charaka Samhitaa.


  • Types of Vaata Dosha


  1. Praan`a When vitiated causes the diseases like Hikkaa, S`hvaasa, Kaasa.
  2. UdaanaWhen vitiated causes the upperclavicular diseases (OordhvaJatrugata Vikaara)
  3. SamaanaWhen vitiated cuases diseases like Gulma, Agnisaada, Atisaara, etc.
  4. VyaanaWhen vitiated leads to the diseases manifesting all over the body; S`hukradosha, Prameha etc.
  5. ApaanaWhen vitiated leads to the diseases related to Basti and GudaS`hukradosha, Prameha.




  • Vaata gets filled in to the dried channels in the body manifesting the diseases all over the body or at the site where it gets aggravated.




  1. (Parva) Samkochaconstriction
  2. (Parva) Stambhastiffness
  3. (Asthi and Parva) Bhedapiercing pain in the bones
  4. Lomaharshabristling of hairs
  5. Pralaapadelirious speech
  6. Graha (Paan`i / Prisht`ha / S`hira)catching pain
  7. Khaanjyalimping with one leg
  8. Paangulyalimping / hobbling
  9. Kubjatva the state of being humpbacked
  10. S`hoshaatrophic condition
  11. Anidrataa insomnia
  12. Garbha Naas`hafetal death
  13. S`hukra Naas`haabnormality in semen
  14. Rajo Naas`haabsence of menstruation
  15. Spandana pulsation
  16. Gaatra Supti Numbness
  17. S`hiro Hun`d`ana Cracking of the scalp (Kes`haBhoomi Sphut`ana)

S`hamkha and Lalaat`a Bheda piercing pain in temporal and frontal bone


  1. Naasaa Hun`d`ana Ghraan`a Naas`hainability to smell
  2. Akshi Hun`d`ana Akshivyudaasa – throwing away of eyes
  3. Jatru Hun`d`ana Vaksha Uparodha obstruction on the chest
  4. Greevaa Hun`d`ana Greevaa Stambha neck stiffness
  5. Todapricking pain
  6. Arti pain / injury
  7. Aakshepa throwing away of the body parts
  8. Moha infatuation
  9. Aayaasa exertion




  • The diseases enlisted in the Vaatavyaadhi Chikitsaa in Charaka Samhitaa


  1. Kosht`haas`hrita Vaata
  2. Sarvaangagata Vaata
  3. Gudasthita Vaata
  4. Aamaas`hayaas`hrita Vaata
  5. Pakvaas`hayaas`hrita Vaata
  6. Indriyaas`hrita Vaata
  7. Tvaksthita Vaata
  8. Raktagata Vaata
  9. Maamsamedogata Vaata
  10. Majjaasthigata Vaata
  11. S`hukrastha Vaata
  12. Snaayugata Vaata
  13. Siraagata Vaata
  14. Sandhigata Vaata
  15. Ardita
  16. Antaraayaama
  17. Bahiraayaama
  18. Hanugraha
  19. Aakshepaka
  20. Dan`d`aka
  21. Ekaangaroga
  22. Gridhrasee
  23. Khallee
  24. Aavrita Vaata
    1. Pittaavrita Vaata
    2. Kaphaavrita Vaata
    3. Raktaavrita Vaata
    4. MaamsaavritaVaata
    5. Medaavrita Vaata
    6. Asthyaavrita Vaata
    7. Majjaavrita Vaata
    8. S`hukraavrita Vaata
    9. Annaavrita Vaata
    10. Mootraavrita Vaata
    11. Pureeshaavrita (VarchasaavritaVaata
    12. Praan`aavrita Vyaana
    13. Samaanaavrita Vyaana
    14. Udaanaavrita Vyaana
    15. Apaanaarita Vyaana
    16. Vyaanaavrita Praan`a
    17. Udaanaavrita Praan`a
    18. Praan`aavrita Samaana
    19. Samaanaavrita Apaana
    20. Udaanaavrita Apaana
    21. Vyaanaavrita Apaana
    22. Praan`aavrita Udaana
    23. Apaanaavrita Udaana
    24. Pittaavrita Praan`a
    25. Kaphaavrita Praan`a
    26. Pittaavrita Udaana
    27. Kaphaavrita Udaana
    28. Pittaavrita Samaana
    29. Kaphaavrita Samaana
    30. Pittaavrita Vyaana
    31. Kaphaavrita Vyaana
    32. Pittaavrita Apaana
    33. Kaphaavrita Apaana


  • Actually, Charaka says that there are 20 Aavaran`a_s but explains only 12.
  • There is also a type named as Mis`hra Aavaran`a e.g S`hleshma Pittaavrita Vaata; but it is not discussed. Only a guideline is given.


Kosht`haas`hrita Vaata

When Vaata gets resided in to Kosht`ha (digestive system), the symptoms manifested are Mootra Nigraha (retention of urine), Pureesha Nigraha (constipation), BradhnaHridroga (heart related diseases), GulmaArs`ha (piles),Paars`Hvas`Hoola (pain in the sides of the chest).


Sarvaangakupita Vaata


  • When Vaata aggravates all over the body, the symptoms manifested are Gaatra Bhanjana (breaking pain), Gaatra Sphuran`a (pulsation), Vedanaa (pain), Sandhi Sphut`ana (splitting pain in the joints).
  • According to Sus`hrutaVaata gradually aggravates and lodges in the hands, feet, head etc. ultimately harboring all the body and all the Dhatu_s. The symptoms are StambhanaAakshepan`a, SvaapaS`hophaS`hoola.
  • Vaagbhat`a adds some symptoms like TodaBhedaStambhanaAakshepan`a, SvaapaSandhi Aakunchana,Kampana.


Gudasthita Vaata

When Vaata aggravates in the Guda, the symptoms manifested are Pureesha Graha (constipation), Mootra Graha(retention of urine), Vaata Graha (flatulence), S`hoola (pain), Aadhmaana (flatulence), As`hma (calculus), S`harkaraa(gravels), Janghaa Paata (debility in Janghaa), Ooru Paata (debility in thighs), Trika Paata (debility in Triak), Prisht`haRogaS`hosha (emaciation).


Aamaas`hayasthita Vaata


  • When Vaata gets vitiated in Aamaas`haya, the symptoms manifested are Hrit RukNaabhi RukPaars`hva Ruk,Udara RukTrishn`aa (thirst), Udgaara (belching), VisoochikaaKaasaKan`t`ha S`hosha (dryness in the throat),Aasya S`hosha (dryness in the mouth), S`hvaasa (Dyspnoea)
  • The symptoms are Chhardi, Moha, Moorchchhaa, Pipaasaa, Hridgraha, Paars`hva Vedanaa. (Sus`hruta)
  • According to Vaagbhat`a, the symptoms of Aamaas`hayagata Vaata are Trid`, Vamathu (vomiting), S`hvaasa, Kaasa, Visoochikaa, Kan`t`hoparodha, Udgaara (belching).


Pakvaas`hayastha Vaata


  • When Vaata gets vitiated in the Pakvaas`haya, the symptoms manifested are Antrakoojana (bowel sounds),S`hoola (pain), Aat`opa (Udare Gud`a Gud`a S`habdah), Krichchhramootrapravritti (difficulty in urination),Krichchhrapureeshatva (difficulty in defecation), Aanaaha (flatulence), Trikavedanaa (pain in Trika).
  • The symptom added by Sus`hruta is Naabhi S`hoola.
  • Vaagbhat`a adds the symptoms like Aanaaha, Malarodha (constipation), As`hma (urinary calculus), Vardhma, Ars`ha (piles), Trika Graha (catching pain in the lumbar region), Prisht`ha Graha (catching pain in the back), Kat`i Graha (catching pain in the waist) and the diseases manifesting on the lower body.


Indriyagata Vaata

The perceptive ability is hampered or lost when Vaata vitiates in the sense organs.


Tvak Gata Vaata


  • Vaata vitiated in the skin manifests the symptoms like Tvak Sphut`ana (cracks in the skin), Tvak Supti(numbness), Kris`ha Tvak (emaciation of skin), Krishn`a Tvak (black Colored skin), Tvak Toda (pricking pain in the skin), Tvak Aatanana (Vistaara), Tvak Raaga (redness in the skin), Parvaruk (pain in the Interphalengeal joints).
  • Sus`hruta adds the symptoms like Tvak Sphuran`a, Tvak Raukshya, Chimachimaayana, Nistodana, Tvak Bheda, Paripot`ana (Sarvatah Put`anam Tvahcah Eva D`ahlan`a).
  • According to Sus`hruta, there is Sphut`ana (cracks on the skin) and Rookshataa (dryness), when Vaata resides in the skin.


Raktagata Vaata


  • Vaata vitiated in the blood manifests with the symptoms like (Teevra Rujaa) severe pain, SantaapaVaivarn`ya(change in the complexion), Kris`hataa (emaciation), Aruchi (Anorexia), ArumshiGaatra Stambha after having food.
  • According to Sus`hruta, wound is the symptom of Raktagata Vaata.
  • Vaagbhat`a adds some symptoms like Raaga (redness on the skin), Anna Visht`ambhaKris`hataa (emaciation),Bhrama (vertigo).


Maamsamedogata Vaata


  • When Vaata vitiates in Maamsa and Medas Dhaatu, the symptoms are Anga Gaurava (heaviness), Ati Toda[Todaad`hya] (severe pricking pain), Dan`d`a Musht`ihatavat Rujaa (pain as if one is stroking by stick or punch),S`hramita (exerted).
  • Sus`hruta says that there are Granthi_s with pain in Maamsagata Vaata. In Medahs`hrita Vaata, there areGranthi_s but relatively less pain and there are no wounds.
  • Vaagbhat`a says that when Vaata vitiates Maamsa and Meda, it manifests with Ati Toda (severe pricking pain),Karkas`ha GranthiS`hramaAnga Gurutaa (heaviness), Ati Ruk (severe pain), StabdhataaDan`d`aMusht`ihatavat Rujaa (pain as if one is stroking by stick or punch).


Asthimajjaagata Vaata


  • When Vaata aggravates in Asthi_s and Majja, the symptoms manifested are Asthi Bheda (Breaking pain in bones),Parva Bheda (breaking pain in Interphalangeal joints), Sandhis`hoola (joint pain), Maamsa Kshaya (depletion ofMaamsa), Balakshaya (loss of physical strength), Asvapna (insomnia), Santataa Ruk (Continuous pain).
  • According to Sus`hruta, there is emaciation of AsthiAsthi Prabheda (breaking pain) and S`hoola (pain); and inMajjaas`hrita Vaata, there is Continuous pain (not relieving for a while).
  • There is Sakthi S`hoola (pain in waist region), Asthi S`hoola (bony pain), Sandhi S`hoola (joint pain) and Teevra Balakshaya (severe debility).
  • In Majjaagata Vaata, there is Asthi Saushirya (osteoporosis), Asvapna (Nidraa Naas`ha), Santata Rujaa(Continuous pain).


S`hukrastha Vaata


  • When aggravated Vaata aggravates in the S`hukra Dhaatu, the symptoms manifested are Kshipra S`hukra Mochana (early ejaculation of S`hukra) or delayed ejaculation of S`hukra at the time of sexual act. Premature births or not causing labor pains after the fetal maturation period. The fetus may have some congenital anomalies. There may be the abnormalities in the semen.
  • According to Sus`hruta, there may be early or delayed ejaculation of semen or there may be the abnormalities in the S`hukra (semen).


Snaayugata Vaata


  • When Vaata aggravates in the Snaayu_s, the symptoms manifested are BaahyaayaamaAntaraayaamaKhalli,KubjatvaSarvaangarogaEkaangaroga.
  • It manifests with GridhraseeAayaama, and Kubjataa.


Siraagata Vaata


  • When Vaata gets vitiated in the Siraa, the symptoms manifested are S`hareera S`hosha (emaciation of body), (Manda Ruk) mild pain, S`hareera Spandana (pulsation of body), Siraa Supti (Non-pulsatile vessels / numbness in the Siraa), Siraa Tanutva (thinness of Siraa), Siraa Mahatee (enlargement of Siraa). There is Manda Ruk (mild pain) and Manda S`hopha (mild Oedema).
  • According to Sus`hruta, there is S`hoolaSiraakunchana (Kut`ilaa Siraa D`alhan`a), Siraa Pooran`a.
  • There is Siraa Aadhmaana (Siraa Pooran`a) or Siraa Riktataa (emptiness of the vessels).


Sandhigata Vaata


  • When Vaata gets aggravated in the joints, there is Oedema on the joints. Joint feels like an inflated bag. There is pain while flexing and extending the limbs.
  • According to Sus`hruta, there is inability of joints to move. There is S`hoola (pain) and S`hopha (Oedema) on the joints.
  • These are the Vyaadhi_s which are not that much powerful but relatively can be treated easily. Hence forth, relatively serious Vaatavyaadhi_s are explained.


Ardita (Ekaayaama)


  • Ardayitvaa Anilo Vaktram Arditam Janayati Atah | S.Ni.1/69
  • Vaata severely aggravated gets harbored in the left or right half of the body. It emaciates and constricts (Upas`hoshan`a and SamkochaRaktaBaahuPaada and Jaanu. The face, nose, eyebrows, forehead, eyes and mandible get crooked. Patient eats with the crooked face. The eyes become still while talking. The sneezing remains obstructed. The speech of the patient becomes Deena (depressed sound), Jihma (crooked sound),SamutkshiptaKalaa (Avyaktaa). There is Dantachaalana (crackling sounds of teeth). Both the ears S`hravan`aBaadhaa (become deaf). There is Svara Bheda. There is pain in feet, hands, eyes, JanghaaOoruS`hamkha, ears,Gan`d`a. Thus, Ardita manifests on the right or left half of the body part or only half of the face.
  • According to Sus`hrutaVaata residing at S`hiraNaasaaOsht`haChibukaLalaat`a moving them restlessly (Ardayitvaa) leads to the Ardita. In this half of the face and neck (Greevaa) gets twisted. There is tremor in the head, can not speak, there is deformity in the Netra etc. sense organs. There is pain in the GreevaaChibuka,Danta. This is the disease called as Ardita.
  • According to Vaagbhat`a Ardita is also called as Ekaayaama. There is severe pain in upper clavicular pain or in right or left half of the body. There is major loss of sense organs like; VaaksangaStabdhanetrataa,GandhaadnyaanaSmriti Moha.



Difference between Ardita and Ardhaanga

Ardita has paroxysms but the Ardhaanga is not manifested in paroxysms. Chakrapaan`i


Asaadhya Criteria for Ardita


  1. In Ksheen`a(emaciated) person
  2. Animisha Akshi
  3. Prasakta Bhaashan`a
  4. Sakta Bhaashan`a
  5. After 3 years (Trivarsha Samvatsara Ateeta)
  6. SaVepana Kampanas`heela




  • Vaata gets lodged in to the Naad`ee (Manyaas`hrita Siraa). It manifests in the stiffness of the neck. This isAntaraayaama. Neck gets stiffed anteriorly. Other symptoms are Dantadas`hanaLaalaaPrisht`haayaama,S`hirograhaJrimbhaaVadana Sanga.
  • According to Sus`hruta, when Vaata jerks the Snaayu Prataana at AnguleeGulphaJat`haraHridayaUra andGala forcefully, the body bends down like a bow anteriorly. This is Antaraayaama. The symptoms are; Aksha Visht`abdha (still eyes), Stabdha Hanu (locked jaw), Bhagna Paars`hvaKapha Vamana (vomiting of Kapha).
  • Vaagbhat`a has given the involvement of the Dhamanee in Antaraayaama.




  • Baahya Siraa in the back and Manyaa are atrophied by the aggravated Vaata causing Hanustambha which is called as Bahiraayaama. Like a bow body is bended posteriorly. There is Ura Utkshepan`aDanta Das`hanaJrimbhaa,LaalaasraavaVaaggraha. At the time of paroxysm, it kills the patient or causes deformity in the body (Vaikalyakara).
  • According to Sus`hruta, when Vaata jerks out the Snaayu Prataana at the posterior side, it causes bending posteriorly. There is breaking pain in Kat`eeUrasOoru.


  • Synonyms


  1. Baahyaayaama
  2. Dhanushkambha
  3. Vegin


  • Vaagbhat`a has given the involvement of Kan`d`araa in Bahiraayaama. He has added some symptoms like Ura Ukshepan`a, Kandharaa AvamridyateDanta Vaivarn`YaAasya Vaivarn`YaPrasveda (perspiration),Srastagaatrataa (displacement of body parts).


  • Baahyaayaama, Abhyantaraayaama, Khallee, Kubjatva, Sarvaroga, Ekaangaroga these are the diseases caused by the Snaayugata Vaata.


  • But in the text Antaraayaama and Bahiraayaama are described as Siraagata Vaata. Here, Chakrapaan`opines that Antaraayaama and Bahiraayaama are to be considered as Siraa and Snaayugata Vaata.


  • Hanustambha (Hanusramsa)


  • Vaata situated in the root of mandible (Hanu Moola) displaces the Hanu from its position. The mouth remains open or it may remain closed. The Hanu becomes stiff. But there is no pain.



Vaata residing at Vaagavaahee Siraa, causes stiffness of tongue, this is Jihvaastambha. Therefore a patient can not eat drink or talk.


Aakshepa (Aakshepaka)


  • There is repeatedly throwing away of body parts due to the aggravated Vaata. There is emaciation (S`hosha) of hands, feet, SiraaSnaayuKan`d`araa.


  • Muhuh Eva Deham AakshipatiSa Aakshepan`aad Aakshepaka Iti Nirukti

S.Ni.1/50 Gayadaasa


  • Vaagbhat`a and Sus`hruta has given the involvement of Dhamanee in Aakshepaka. The aggravated Vaata, harbors in the Dhamanee throwing away the body parts. This throwing away of the body parts is Aakshepaka.


  • Types of Aakshepaka


Kaphaanvita Pittaanvita Kevalavaatakrita Abhighaataja





  • Yah Aakshepakah Antaraa Antaraa Paatayati So Apataanakah |



  • Apataanaka is a type of Aakshepaka where a person gets seizures in episodes.


  • Asaadhya Criteria for Apataanaka


o       Garbhapaatanimittaja

o       S`hon`itaatisraavaja

o       Abhighaatanimittaja




  • There is stiffness of hands, feet, head, back and groin region like a pillar (Dan`d`a) so it is called as Dan`d`aka. It has no treatment.
  • In the Vaatavyaadhi_s like ArditaAntaraayaamaBahiraayaamaHanustambhaDan`d`aka Vegaavasthaa andAvegaavasthaa are seen. It is stated that when there is paroxysm there is pain. But when the paroxysm is over there is relief to the patient.




  • Dan`d`avat Stambhayati Iti Dan`d`aapataanakah | Su. Ni. 1.53 D`alhan`a


  • Dan`d`avat Dan`d`akam | A. H. Ni. 15.42


  • This is a type of Apataanaka, where Vaata is associated with Kapha and it resides in the Dhamanee_s causing a stiffness in the body, is called as Dan`d`aapataanaka.
  • According to Vaagbhat`a, when Vaata is associated with Kapha and the Srotasa_s are blocked with the Aama then it causes stiffness of the whole body like a pillar. This is incurable.




  • Dhanustulyam Named Yastu Sa Dhanustambhasamdnyakah |


  • When body bends like a bow wither anteriorly or posteriorly it is called as Dhanustambha.


Ekaangaroga and Sarvaangaroga


  • Right or left half of the body is affected due to vitiated Vaata. The symptoms manifested are: a person can notmove the affected part (Chesht`aa Nivritti). There is pain and patient can not speak (Vaak Stambha). The Vaatagets vitiated in to the Siraa and Snaayu of the right or left half of the body. There is constriction of the right or left foot or hand. There is pricking pain. As a side of the body is affected it is called as Ekaangaroga. If this pathogenesis occurs all over the body, it is called as Sarvaanga Roga.
  • When Vaata is associated with Pitta, it manifests with DaahaSantaapaMoorchchha.
  • If Vaata is associated with Kapha, it manifests with S`haityaS`hothaGurutva.
  • When a side only is affected it is called as Pakshavadha.
  • This is also called as Pakshavadha or Ekaangaroga.



In Dan`d`aapataanakaVaata causes locked jaw which is called as Hanugraha.




  • Gridhrasee is a Vaatavyaadhi in which the pain starts from the Sphik (buttocks). Then it traverses to the Kat`ee(waist), Prisht`ha (back), Ooru (thighs), Jaanu (knee joints), Janghaa (region between knee and ankle joint), Pada(foot / paddle region) successively.
  • There is Stambha (stiffness), pain, constriction (Graha), Spandana (pulsations) repeatedly.
  • There are two types of Gridhresee >>

o       Vaataja Gridhrasee The Gridhrasee itself is due to vitiation of Vaata.

o       Vaatakaphaja When there is association of Kapha, then there is association of the symptoms of Kapha Doshalike TandraaGauravaArochakaBhaktadvesha etc.

  • Kan`d`araa of Paarshn`and Anguli is vitiated by Vaata and the thighs are thrown away, which is a sign ofGridhrasee.




  • Khallee is a Vaatavyaadhi in which there is crushing / grinding / destroying / strangling pain in foot (Paada),JanghaaOoruKaramoola (root of the hand Axillary region)
  • Some has quoted Khallee as combination of Vis`hvaachee and Gridhrasee. S.Ni.1/75 Gayadaasa and D`alhan`a




  • Vaata gets aggravated and harbored in the Dhamanee going downward, upward and lateral. It hampers either right or left half of the body causing laxity in the Sandhibandha. It is Pakshaaghaata.
  • If the pathogenesis has occurred all over the body then whole body becomes immobile. Patient falls down and become dead.


  • Asaadhya Criteria of Pakshaaghaata


  1. Kevala Vaataja Pakshaaghaata
  2. Pakshaaghaata due to Kshaya


  • Saadhya Criteria of Pakshaaghaata
  1. Anya Dosha Samsritsht`aPakshaghaata




  • Vaata associated with Kapha goes upward causing pain in the S`hira, HridayaS`hamkha throwing the body parts and body bends down. The eyes remain closed. A person become still. There is gurgling sound like a dove. The exhalation is difficult. The sensation is lost (Nasht`a Chetana).
  • The patient gets comfort when the Hridaya is free from Dosha and when it gets concealed by Dosha it manifests the disease Apatantraka.


  • It is Asaadhya when it is

o       Garbhapaatanimittaja

o       S`hon`itaatisraavaja

o       Abhighaatanimittaja




  • Some opines that Manyaastambha is a succession of Apataanaka. Or it may manifest without Apataanaka.
  • Due to nap in day, staring crookedly, there may be Manyaastambha, due to aggravated Vaata, associated byKapha.



When Kan`d`araa at the hand and fingers is vitiated by Vaata posteriorly hampering the movements of the hand. This is Vis`hvaachee.



Due to vitiation of Vaata and Rakta at the knee joint, large Oedema with severe pain gets manifested. This Oedemaresembles to the head of wolf. (S`hrigaala Mastaka)



Vaata at Kat`ee (waist), when constricts the Kan`d`araa in the Sakthi (thighs), then the locomotion becomes difficult (Vikala Gati), it is Khanja. If both the thighs are involved then a person can not walk, it is called as Pangu.



At the onset of the locomotion, a person walks like a Khanja. The Sandhibandha are dislocated, and then it is called asKalaayakhanja.



When foot is placed on the ground in uncomfortable position, it causes pain in the foot. It is called as Vaatakan`t`aka. The Vaata aggravates in the Khad`uka or Gulpha (joint of foot and leg ankle joint)



Vaata associated with Pitta and Rakta causes burning sensation in the foot due to excessive walking called as Paada Daaha.



Due to vitiation of Vaata and Kapha, there is numbness and Lomaharsha in the feet.



Vaata residing at Amsa (Scapular region) dries out the ligaments and constricts the Siraa manifesting Avabaahuka.



Vitiated Vaata at the site Amsa, emaciates the Amsabandhana, it is Amsas`hosha.



If Vaata or Vaata associated with Kapha covers the S`habdavaha Srotas causes Baadhirya (deafness).



Vaata causes breaking pain in HanuS`hamkhaS`hiraGreevaaKarn`a called as Karn`as`hoola.


Mooka, Minmin`a, Gadgada

Vaata associated with Kapha covers S`habdavaahee Dhamanee causing Mookatva (speechless), Minmin`atva (speaking indistinctly through the nose), Gadgadatva (stammering / stuttering / convulsive utterance).



When a wound is at the vital spot (Marma), gets vitiated by Vaata. This Vaata causes all the Dosha to traverse all over the body. Thus the Dosha get spread all over the body. There is thirst (Trishn`aa). The patient becomesPaan`d`u. this is called as Vran`aayaama.



Vaata in the Moordhadharaa Siraa aggravates in the Rakta Dhaatu, it causes pain. The Siraa turns into dried state (Rooksha) and black colour (Krishn`a). This is incurable.



In Toonee, pain traverses to the downward direction which is originated from Pakvaas`haya and Mootraas`haya. It causes piercing pain (Bhedana) at Guda and Upastha.



In Pratitoonee, pain traverses from Guda and Upastha to the Pakvaas`haya.



When there is Aat`opaAti Ugra RujaaAadhmaana (distension) then it is called as Aadhmaana. It is caused due to the Vaata Rodha.



When Aadhmaana originates from Aamaas`haya it is called as Pratyaadhmaana. It is caused due to the Kaphaavrita Vaata.




  • Below the umbilicus a Granthi resembling Asht`heelaa (an instrument like a stone), which is immovable or movable. It is an elevated outward and spread growth. It is called as Asht`heelaa.
  • It obstructs the outer channel.



When Asht`heelaa is associated with pain and obstructs VaataMootra (urine), Pureesha (stools); it is called asPratyasht`heelaa.



Tremors all over the body with the head is a vitiated Vaata called as Vepathu.



Vaata obstructed at the lower end causes Udgaara (belching), it is called as Oordhvavaata.


Krichchhrasaadhya Criteria



Saadhya Criteria

  • Balavaan Rugn`a
  • Nirupadrava





C.Chi.28, Su.Ni.1, A.H.U.Ni.16



Aavaran`a means covering, hiding or concealing. It is special pathology types related to VaataVaata may cover the other entities in the body or it itself may get covered by something. In either case symptoms get manifested. One who gets covered (Aavrita) remains dormant and one who covers (Aavaraka) manifests itself in the symptoms.


It is also possible that the different types of the Vaata (i.e. Praan`a, Udaana, Vyaana, Samaana, Apaana) may cover each other; which is called Anyonya Aavaran`a.


Aavaran`a of Vaata by other entities:

  1. Pittaavrita
  2. Kaphaavrita
  3. Raktaavrita
  4. Maamsaavrita
  5. Medaavrita
  6. Asthyaavrita
  7. Majaavrita
  8. S`hukraavrita
  9. Annaavrita
  10. Mootraavrita
  11. Varchasaavrita


Pittaavrita Vaata


  • Vaata concealed by Pitta manifests with Daaha (burning sensation), Trishn`aa (thirst), S`hoola (pain), Bhrama(vertigo), Tama (feeling of entering into the darkness), VidaahaS`heetakaamitaa (desire for cold things).
  • According to Sus`hruta, there is DaahaSantaapaMoorchchhaa in Pittaavrita Vaata.


Kaphaavrita Vaata


  • Vaata concealed by Kapha manifests with the symptoms like S`haitya (cold), Gaurava (heaviness), S`hoola(pain), patient desires for Langhana (fasting), Aayaasa (exercise), Rooksha (dry) and Ooshn`a (hot) food. There is decrease in the symptoms by use of Kat`u (pungent) drugs.
  • According to Sus`hruta, there is S`haityaS`hopha and Gurutva in Kaphaavrita Vaata.


Raktaavrita Vaata


  • When Vaata is concealed by Rakta, it manifests with DaahaArti (pain), Oedema in the space between Tvak andMaamsa (Tvak Maamsaantara S`hopha) with redness, circular skin eruptions (Man`d`ala), hard and discolouredboils (Pid`akaa) and Oedema.
  • According to Sus`hruta, Pricking pain, hatred to touch, Supti (numbness), other Pitta Vikaara are manifested inRaktaavrita Vaata.


Maamsaga (Maamsaavrita) Vaata

When Vaata is concealed by Maamsa Dhaatu, it manifests with Harsha (bristling), Pipeelika Sanchaara feeling as if the ants are traveling on the skin).


Medaavrita Vaata

When Vaata gets concealed by Medas, it manifests with moving (Chala), unctuous (Snigdha), soft (Mridu), S`heeta(cold) S`hopha (Oedema). There is Aruchi. It is called as Aad`hyavaata, which is difficult to cure.


Asthyaavrita Vaata

Vaata concealed by Asthi manifests with Saada (sinking down), Bhanjana (breaking pain), Soocheetoda (pricking pain). Patient gets relief by Peed`ana and Ooshn`a food or drugs.


Majjaavrita Vaata

When Vaata gets concealed by Majjaa it manifests with Vinaama (crookedness), Jrimbhan`a (yawing), Parivesht`ana,S`hoola (pain). The pain released by Peed`ana by hands.


S`hukraga Vaata

When Vaata is concealed by S`hukra, it is manifested with S`hukra Aavega (agitation), S`hukra Ativega (quick ejaculation).


Annaavrita Vaata

When Vaata is concealed by food then it causes pain in the abdomen / in the flanks. The pain subsides after the digestion of the food.


Mootraavrita Vaata

When Vaata is concealed by Mootra (urine), it manifests with the retention of urine and anurination.


Pureeshaavrita (Varchasaavrita) Vaata

When Vaata is concealed by Pureesha, it manifests with Pureesha Ativibandha (constipation), Parikartikaa (cutting pain in the anal region), Aas`hu Sneha Jaran`a (quick digestion of Sneha), Bhojanapas`hchaat Aanaaha (flatulence after food), faeces are passed out with difficulty, there is pain in groin region (S`hron`i), Vamkshan`a and Prisht`ha. There is malaise in the heart (Asvastha Hridaya).



Aavaran`a of Vaata


  • Vaata which conceals other may manifest with the symptoms but if Vaata which is concealed is aggravated then concealed Vaata will manifest with the symptoms.
  • Total 20 Aavaran`are there due to 5 types of Vaata Dosha, but in the text only 12 are described.


Praan`aavrita Vyaana

There is Indriya S`hoonyatvaSmriti Kshaya and Bala Kshaya.


Samaanaavrita Vyaana

There is MoorchchhaaTandraaPralaapaAngasaadaAgnikshayaOjokshayaBalakshaya.


Udaanaavrita Vyaana

There is StabdhataaAlpaagniAsvedaChesht`aa HaaniNimeelana.


Apaanaarita Vyaana

There is excessive passing of Urine, Faeces and S`hukra.


Vyaanaavrita Praan`a

Ati Sveda PravrittiLomaharshaTvag DoshaGaatra Supti


Udaanaavrita Praan`a

There is loss of locomotion, Ojas, and Bala (strength). There may be death also.


Praan`aavrita Samaana

There is Jad`atvaGadgadMookatva


Samaanaavrita Apaana

This manifests in Grahan`ee, Paars`hva and Hridaya S`hoola (Hridgada)Aamaas`haya S`hoola.


Udaanaavrita Apaana

There is Chhardi and S`hvaasa in Udaanaavrita Apaana.


Vyaanaavrita Apaana

There is Vami (Chhardi), AadhmaanaUdaavartaGulmaParikartikaa in Vyaanaavrita Apaana.


Praan`aavrita Udaana


  • There is S`hirograha, Pratis`hyaaya, Nihs`hvaasa and Uchchhvaasa Sangraha, Hridroga, Mukha S`hosha.
  • According to Vaagbhat`a, there is Nihs`hvaasa and Uchchhvaasa Nirodha, Pratis`hyaaya, S`hirograha, Hridroga, MukhaS`hosha.


Apaanaavrita Udaana

There is MohaAlpa AgniAteesaara in Apaanaavrita Udaana.


Though it is said that there are 20 Anyonya Aavaran`aa; only 12 have been explained.


These are:

Praan`a Aavrita Vyaana Aavrita Udaana Aavrita Samaana Aavrita Apaana Aavrita
Vyaana Praan`a Praan`a Apaana Udaana
Samaana Apaana Apaana Vyaana Vyaana
Udaana   Vyaana    


The remaining 8 Anyonya Aaavaran`aa_s are:

Apaana Udaana Samaana Udaana Praan`a
  Samaana   Praan`a Samaana


Aavaran`a of Vaata by other entities.


Pittavrita Praan`a


  • It manifests with MoorchchhaaDaahaBhramaS`hoolaVidaahaS`heetakaamitaaVidagdha Chhardi.
  • According to Sus`hruta, there is Chhardi and Daaha in Pittaavrita Praan`a.


Kaphaavrita Praan`a


  • It manifests with Sht`hivanaKshavathuUdgaaraNihs`hvaasam UchchhvaasaAruchiChhardi.
  • According to Sus`hruta, there is DaurbalyaSadanaTandraa and Vaivarn`ya in Kaphaavrita Praan`a.


Pittaavrita Udaana


  • It manifests with MoorchchhaaNaabhi DaahaUro DaahaKlamaOjobhrams`haSaada.
  • According to Sus`hruta, there is MoorchchaaDaahaBhramaKlama in Pittaavrita Udaana.


Kaphaavrita Udaana


  • It manifests with Vaivarn`yaVaak GrahaSvara GrahaDaurbalyaGurugaatratvaAruchi
  • According to Sus`hruta, there is AsvedaHarshaAgnimaandyaS`heetaStambha in Kaphaavrita Udaana.



Pittaavrita Samaana


  • It manifests with Ati SvedaTrishaaDaahaMoorchchhaaAruchiUshmaa Upaghaata
  • According to Sus`hruta, in Pittaavrita Samaana there is SvedaDaahaAushn`yaMoorchchhaa, in Pittaavrita Samaana.


Kaphaavrita Samaana


  • AsvedaVahnimaandyaLomaharshaGaatra Atis`heetataa.
  • According to Sus`hruta, there is Kaphaadhikya in Pureesha and MootraRomaharsha.


Pittaavrita Vyaana


  • DaahaSarvaagaga KlamaGaatra VikshepaGaatra SangaSantaapaVedanaa
  • According to Sus`hruta, there is Gaatra Vikshepan`a, Klama in Pittaavrita Vyaana.


Kaphaavrita Vyaana


  • Sarva Gaatra GurutaaSarva Sandhi RujaaAsthi RujaaGati Sanga
  • According to Sus`hruta, there is Sarva GaatratvaAsthi StambhanaParva StambhanaChesht`aa Stambha inKaphaavrita Vyaana.


Pittaavrita Apaana


  • Haaridra MootraHaaridra PureeshaTaapa, Raja Atipravartana
  • According to Sus`hruta, there is DaahaAushn`ya and Raktapradara.


Kaphaavrita Apaana


  • Bhinna Varcha PravartanaAama Samsrisht`a Pureesha, Guru Pureesha, S`Hleshma Samshrisht`a Pureesha,Kapha Meha.
  • According to Sus`hruta, there is Adhah Kaaya Gurutva (heaviness in the lower body).


There are some conditions in Aavaran`a of Vaata that Pitta and Kapha Dosha collectively conceal Vaata, this is called as Mis`hra Aavaran`a.


  • S`hleshma Pitta Aavrita Udaana
  • S`hleshma Pitta Aavrita Praan`a


o       These both the conditions are serious. They may lead to death or loss of physical strength.


Asaadhya criteria for Aavaran`a


  1. Aparidnyaata
  2. Parisamvatsarottha
  3. Upekshaa
  4. Durupakrama


Complications of Aavrita Vaata


  1. Hridroga
  2. Vidradhi
  3. Pleehaa
  4. Gulma
  5. Atisaara
  6. Agnisaada


Krichchhrasaadhya Vaatavyaadhi


  • Sandhichyuti, Hanustambha, Kunchana, Kubjataa, Ardita, Pakshaaghaata, Angsams`hosha, Pangutva, Khud`avaatataa, Stambhana, Aad`hyavaata, Majjaa Asthigata Vikaara these all are very difficult to cure or they may not be cured.
  • These diseases at the early stage (Nava), in a strong person and without complication can be cured.






Ch.Chi.28, N.R. Vaatavyaadhi



Before treating any Vaatavyaadhi Physician should think of following things:


  • Sthaana: Pakvaas`haya, Aamaas`haya etc. Physician should give first preference to treatment of BalavaanaDosha. In case of Anubandha of Pitta & Kapha, Physicain should treat Pitta first because it is more Aas`hukaaree than Kapha.


  • Dooshya: Rasa, Rakta etc. Dhaatu


  • Aavaran`a


Physician should consider following ChikitsaaAvasthaa:

  • Nirupastambhita: a) Saamaanya b) Vis`heshaChikitsaa
  • Upastambhita: a) Saamaanya b) Vis`heshaChikitsaa




  • SaamaanyaChikitsaaKrama:


o             Snehapaana

o             Snehaklaanta

o             As`hvaasana (Vis`hraama)

o             Dugdhapaana (PunahSnehanaartha)

o             Aahaara: – Yoosha, AanoopaMaamsarasa, GraamyaMaamsarasa + Sneha, Paayasa, Kris`haraa (Amla & Lavan`aRasayukta)

o             Panchakarma: – AnuvaasanaBasti&Nasya

o             TarpakaAahaara

o             Snehana

o             Svedana ( SnehasamyuktaNaad`ee / Prastara / Sankara / Kut`ee etc. Sveda )

o             Sams`hodhana

o             Samsarjana Karma

o             Agni Deepana

o             Snehana followed by Svedana

o             Constant use of Amla, Lavan`a & SnehayuktaAahaara

o             Nasya & Dhoomapaana


  • Aahaara: – Ghrita, Taila, Vasaa, Majjaa, Maamsarasa, Madhura, Amla & Lavan`aRasayuktaAahaara, Brihan`aAahaara.


  • Chikitsaa Karma: – Parisheka, Abhyanga, Basti, Snehana, Svedana.


  • Vihaara: – Praavaran`a, NivaataS`hayana.


  • Kalpa: – VaataharaDravya Siddha S`hatapaakee / SahastrapaakeeTaila, TailaKalpana used in Vaatarakta useful in Vaatavyaadhi.


AavasthikaChikitsaa: –

o             Avasthaa: – Stambha / Harsha / Toda / Aayaama / S`hotha / Gaurava – Abhyanga (Ekaanga / Sarvaanga) & Svedana.

o             Effect of all above treatment: – Kosht`haMaardavata: – Which in turn pacify Vaatavyaadhi.

o             Avasthaa: – Bahudhaavasthaa: – SnehayuktaVirechana: – Tilvaka Siddha Yoga / Saatalaa Siddha Ghrita / Erand`aTaila Yoga.

o             HetuPratyanikaChikitsaa: – Snigdha, Amla, Lavan`a & Ushn`aAahaara leads to Mala Sanchiti in PureeshavahaSrotasa: – VaataPratiloma: – VaataanulomakaChikitsaa.

o             Avasthaa: – Vaatavyaadhi + DurbalaRugn`a + VirechanaAnarha: – NiroohaBasti followed by Paachaka & DeepakaAahaara.


  • Vis`heshaChikitsaa:


o             Kosht`hagataVaata: – Mala Paachanaartha: – Kshaara, Paachana, Deepana&AmlaPadaartha. (Search for Amla Rasa Dravya + Ka

o             GudagataVaata: – Similar Chikitsaa: – Udaavarta. (See UdaavartaChikitsaa)

o             Pakvaas`hayagataVaata: – Similar Chikitsaa: – Udaavarta.

o             SarvaangagataVaata: – Nirooha & AnuvaasanaBasti.

o             TvakgataVaata: – Abhyanga + AvagaahaSveda + HitakaraAnnapaana + HridyaAnnapaana.

o             RaktagataVaata: – Virechana + Raktamokshan`a.

o             MaamsagataVaata: – Virechana + NiroohaBasti + VaataghnaChikitsaa.

o             MedogataVaata: – Virechana + NiroohaBasti + VaataghnaChikitsaa.

o             AsthimajjaagtaVaata: – BaahyaSnehana & AabhyantaraSnehapaana.

o             S`hukragataVaata: – Harshan`a + BalavardhakaAahaara + S`hukravardhakaAahaara.

o             S`hukraavarodha: – Virechana: – Peyaa, Vilepee etc. SansarjanaKrama: – Jaat`haraagniDeepana: – S`hukravardhakaChikitsaa.

o             Garbhaas`hayagataVaata: – S`hushkaGarbha :- Yasht`yaadi Siddha Ksheera.

o             HridayagataVaata: – S`haaleeparn`ee Siddha Ksheera.

o             NaabhigataVaata: – BilvaKvaatha Siddha MatsyaMaamsa.

o             Vesht`na: – UpanaahaSveda.

o             Samkocha: – MaashaSaidhavaTailaAbhyanga.

o             BaahugataVaata: – Nasya + AuttaraBhaktikaSneha.

o             S`hirogataVaata: – Nasya + AuttaraBhaktikaSneha.

o             NaabhiAdhobhaagagataVaata: – Basti + GhritaPaana followed by Annapaana.

o             Ardit: – Nasya + S`hirahTarpan`a (S`hirobasti, S`hirodhaaraa, S`hiropichu)+ Naad`eeSveda + AanoopaMaamsaUpanaaha.

o             Pakshaaghaata: – Svedana + SnehayuktaVirechana.

o             Gridhrasee: – Agnikarma (Near Kan`d`araa + Gulpha).

o             Khallee :- SnehayuktaPaayasa / Kris`haraa / Maamsa.

o             VivritaMukha: – Svedana + Joint fixing.


Upastambhita: –


  • SaamaanyaChikitsaa: –


o             Chikitsaa According to type of Vaata: –

UdaanaVaayu: – Vamana.

ApaanaVaayu: – Anulomana.

SamaanaVaayu: – S`hamana.

VyaanaVaayu: – Vamana, Anulomana, S`hamana.

Praan`aVaayu: – Physician should give first priority to treatment of Praan`aVaayu.


o             Kalpa /Aahaara / Dravya: – Should be of following characteristics:

Anabhishyandi, Snigdha, Srotovis`hodhaka, Vaataanulomaka, Kapha Pitta Avirodhee, Rasaayana (e.g. S`hilaajatu, Guggula, Dugdha, Chyavanapraash`a, BraahmaRasaayana etc.) are useful in Vaatavyaadhi.


o             Chikitsaa Karma: – Abhyanga, Basti, YaapanaBasti, Madhura Rasa Dravya Siddha AnuvaasanaBasti.


o             PittavritVaata: –

SaamaanyaChikitsaaSootra: – Pittaghna + VaataAvirodhiAnnapaana, Aushadha

S`heeta&Ushn`aVyatyaasaatChikitsaa, JeevaneeyaGhrita

Karma: – YaapanaBasti, KseeraBasti, Virechana, Parisheka


o             KaphaavritVaata: –

Kaphaghna + VaataAvirodhiAnnapaana, Aushadha

Aahaara: – YavaBhojya, JaangalMaamsa, Puraan`aGhrita, TilaTaila, SarshapaTaila

Karma: – Teekshn`aSvedana, NiroohaBasti, Vamana, Virechana


  • VisheshaChikitsaa: –


o             Aamaas`hayagataKapha: – Vamana

o             Pakvaa`hayagataKapha: – Virechana

o             SarvaS`hareeragata Pitta: – Virechana

o             Avasthaa: – Svedana: – Pakvaas`hayagataKapha or Pitta: – Basti

o             Avasthaa: – VaataKaphaanubandhi: – GomutraYuktaNiroohaBasti

o             Avasthaa: – VaataPittaanubandhi: – NiroohaBasti(DugdhaYukta ) or AnuvaasanaBasti ( MadhuraSkandha Siddha Taila )

o             S`hirogataVaata + Kaphaanubandhi: – Dhoomapaana + Nasya

o             RaktaavritaVaata: – Similar ChikitsaaVaatarakta

o             AamadoshaavritaVaata: – Pramehaghna + Vaataghna + Medoghna

o             MaamsaavritaVaata: – Sveda + Abhyanga + Maamsarasa + Dugdha + Ghrita

o             AshthiMajjaagataVaata: – MahaaSneha

o             AnnaavritaVaata: – Vamana + Paachaka + Deepana + LaghuAahaara

o             MootraavritaVaata: – MootraVirechakaAushadha + Svedana + UttaraBasti

o             PureeshaavritVaata: – Eran`d`aTaila: – SnigdhaDravyaSevana + AnulomakaChikitsaa (similar Chikitsaa: – Udaavarta)



  • Rasa- Madhura, Amla, Lavan`a
  • Veerya- Ushn`a
  • Gun`a- Snigdha, Guru
  • Dhaanya- Godhuma, Puraan`aShasht`ikaS`haalee, S`haalee, Yava
  • S`haaka- Pat`ola, S`higru, Vaartaaka, Rasona, S`hun`t`hee, Gokshura, Nimba,
  • S`himbee- Kulattha, Maasha,
  • Maamsa- Kukkut`a, Mayoora, Tittira, Varaaha, AanoopaMaamsa, GraamyaMaamsa
  • Dugdha- Ghrita, Dadhi, Kilaat`a, Kurchikaa
  • Drava- Taila, Eran`d`a Taila, Gomootra, Dhaanyaamla,
  • Phala- Madhura Daad`ima, Amla Daad`ima, Pakva Taalaphala, Aamra, Parushaka, Nimbuka, Badara, Draakshaa, Madhooka Phala, Naaranga
  • Kritaanna- Panchamoola Siddha Ksheera, Amla Phala Rasa, Dhaanya Yoosha, Mudga Yoosha, Maamsarasa, Jangala Maamsarasa, Sasneha Dhaanya Yoosha, Dugdha Krit Amla-Saindhava Yukta Kris`haraa, Das`hamoola Ksheerapaaka, Das`hamoola Siddha Maamsa+ Sneha, Maamsarasa+Dadhi+S`hun`t`hee+Pippalee+Lavan`a

Other- Guggula, Khan`d`a S`harkaraa, Maricha, Das`hamoola, Vasaa, Majjaa, Taambula, Tarpan`a, Abhyanga, Mardana, Basti, Sneha, Sveda, Avagaaha, Samvaahana, Agnikarma, S`hirobasti



  • Rasa- Kat`u, Tikta, Kashaaya
  • Dhaanya- Trin`aDhaanya, Trin`aBeeja, Vetraagra, Paripelava, Nivaara, Ven`uYava
  • S`haaka- Kaaravellaka, S`haaka
  • S`himbee- Mudga, Chan`aka, Sateena, Raajamaasha
  • Dugdha- Gardabhee Dugdha
  • Drava- S`heeta Jala, Naadeya Jala
  • Phala- Taalaphala, Jamboo,

Other- Vetraagra, Kaseru, Kamala, Viruddhaahaara, Kshaara, Maithuna, Pravaasa, Chintaa, Jaagaran`a, Vegaavarodha, Chchhrdi, Shrama, Anas`hana, Dantadhaavana


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