Mukharogas in Ayurveda – Diseases of Face

 

Reference:

S.Ni.16, C.Su.18, C.Chi.12, C.Chi.26, A.H.U.21

 

Synonyms:

Vadana RogaD`alhan`a.

 

Mukharoga are the diseases related to the Mukha i.e. Mouth.

 

Mukharoga – Aayatanaani (Sthaana):

  1. Osht`ha
  2. Danta Moola
  3. Danta
  4. Jihvaa
  5. Taalu
  6. Kan`t`ha
  7. Mukha (CompleteMukha)

 

In Charaka Samhitaa, following diseases related to Mukha etc. are explained in Chikitsaasthaana

  1. S`haalooka
  2. Bid`aalikaa
  3. Taalu Vidradhi
  4. Upjihvikaa.
  5. Adhijihvikaa
  6. Upakus`ha
  7. DantaVidradhi
  8. Galas`hun`d`ikaa
  9. Galagan`d`a

10.Galagraha

11.Rohin`ee

 

These all diseases are explained by Charaka, under the S`hotha Prakaran`a, as they all manifest with the Utsedha(elevation due to oedema). This is extraordinary thinking by Charaka.

 

Rogaas`hchotsedha Saamaanyaad Adhimaamsaarbudaadayah |

Vis`hisht`aa Naama Roopaabhyaam Nirdes`hyaah S`hotha Sangrahe ||

C.Su.18/33

 

Charaka has explained Mukharoga in Trimarmeeya Chikitsaa Adhyaaya.

 

According to Vaagbhat`a all the Dosha predominant with Kapha cause Mukharoga.

Types:

According to Charaka, Mukharoga are 64 in number.

  1. Vaataja
  2. Pittaja
  3. Kaphaja
  4. Saannipaatika

According to Chakrapaan`i, though 64 Mukharoga are explained in S`haalaakya Tantra (According to Sus`hruta they are 65); Charaka has considered them all under these 4 types.

 

Vaataja:

There is S`hosha, Kaarkas`hya, Raukshya in Vaataja Mukharoga. There is moving pain (Chala Rujaa). The colour of the mouth turns to black or reddish (Krishn`a and Arun`a). There is coldness in the mouth. There is Prasramsana, Spandana, Toda and Bheda.

 

Pittaja:

There is Trishn`aa, Jvara, Sphot`akaTaalu DaahaDhoomaayana and Avadeern`ataaMoorchchhaa, varied types ofRujaa. The colour of the mouth changes to the colours other than S`hukla, Arun`a Varn`a.

 

Kaphaja:

There is Kan`d`oo, Gurutva, Sita, Vijjalatva, Sneha (unctuousness), Aruchi, Jaad`ya, Kapha Praseka, Utkles`ha, Mandaanalataa (Agni Maandya), Tandraa and Manda Rujaa (Mild pain).

 

Saannipaatika:

All the symptoms and signs appear in this type of Mukharoga.

 

Types:

According to Sus`hruta, Mukharoga are 65 in number.

Osht`ha Roga = 8

Danta Moola = 15

Danta = 8

Jihvaa = 5

Taalu = 9

Kan`t`ha = 17

Sarva Mukha = 3

 

Total = 65

 

  • Types:

According to Vaagbhat`a, Mukharoga are 75 in number.

Osht`hagata = 11

Gan`d`agata = 1

Dantagata = 10

Dantamoolagata = 13

Jihvaagata = 6

Taalugata = 8

Galagata = 18

Vaktragata = 8

 

Total = 75

 

All Mukharoga are caused due to Kapha dominant Tridosha.

 

Mukharoga: According to Sus`hruta Samhitaa:

 

Ost`ha (8) Danta Moola(15) Danta (8) Jihvaa (5) Taalu (9) Kan`t`ha (17) Sarva Mukha (3)
Vaataja S`heetaada Daalana Kan`t`aka (3)

Ø      Vaataja

Ø     Kaphaja

Ø    Pittaja

Galas`hun`d`ikaa Rohin`ee (5)

 

Vaataja
Pittaja DantaPupput`aka Krimidantaka Alaasa Tun`d`ikeree Kan`t`haS`haalooka Pittaja
Kaphaja DantaVesht`aka DantaHarsha Upajihvikaa Adhrusha Adhijihvaa Kaphaja
Saannipaataja S`haushira Bhanjanaka Kachchhapa Valaya S`hon`itaja
Raktaja MahaaS`haushira DantaS`harkaraa Arbuda Balaasa
Maamsaja Paridara Kapaalikaa MaamsaSanghaata Ekavrinda
Medohja Upakus`ha S`hyaavaDantaka TaaluPupput`a Vrinda
Abhighaataja DantaVaidarbha Hanumoksha TaaluS`hosha S`hataghnee
Vardhana TaaluPaaka Gilaayu
Adhimaamsa Galavidradhi
Naad`ee (5) Galaugha
Svaraghna
Maamsataana
Vidaaree

 

 

 

Mukharoga: According to Asht`aanga Hridaya:

 

Osht`ha (11) Gan`d`a (1) Danta (10) DantaMoola(13) Jihvaa (6) Taalu (8) Gala (18) Vaktra (8)
Khan`d`ausht`ha Gan`d`aalajee S`heetaakhya / Daalana S`heetaada VaataDooshita Taalu Pit`ikaa Rohin`ee – Vaataja Sarvasara – Vaataja
Osht`hakopa DantaHarsha Upakus`ha PittaDooshita GalaS`hun`d`ikaa Rohin`ee – Pittaja Savasara – Pittaja
Osht`hakopa

Vaataja

DantaBheda DantaPupput`a KaphaDooshita TaaluSamhati Rohin`ee – Kaphaja Sarvasara – Kaphaja
Osht`hakopa

Pittaja

(Danta) Chaala DantaVidradhi Alasa (Taalu) Arbuda Rohin`ee – Raktaja Sarvasara – Raktaja
Osht`hakopa

Kaphaja

Karaala Sushira Adhijihva Kachchhapa Rohin`ee – Sannipaataja Sarvasara – Sarvaja
Osht`hakopa

Saanipaatika

Adhidanta (Vardhana) MahaaSushira Upajihva (Taalu) Pupput`a Kan`t`haS`haalooka Kaphaarbuda
Osht`hakopa

Raktaja

(Danta)S`harkaraa Adhimaamsaka Taalu Paaka Vrinda PootiVaktra
Osht`hakopa

Maamsaja

(Danta) Kapaalikaa Vidarbha Taalu S`hosha Tun`d`ikerikaa OordhvaGuda
Osht`hakopa

Medoja

(Danta) S`hyaava Danta Gati (Naad`ee) – 5 types Galaugha
Osht`hakopa

Kshataja

Krimidantaka Valaya
Jalaarbuda (Vaata Kaphaja Gilaayuka
S`hataghnee
GalaVidradhi
Galaarbuda
Galagan`d`a – Vaataja
Galagan`d`a – Kaphaja
Galagan`d`a – Medoja
Svaraha

 

Types:

According to Maadhava Nidaana, Mukharoga are 65 in number.

 

According to Maadhava Nidaana, Mukharoga are caused due to the dominance of Kapha Dosha.

Maadhava Nidaana has explained it as per Sus`hruta Samhitaa.

 

Osht`hagata = 8

Dantamoolagata = 15

Dantagata = 8

Jihvaagata = 5

Taalugata = 9

Kan`t`hagata = 17

Sarvasara = 3

 

Total = 65

 

 

 

 

According to Maadhava Nidaana:

Osht`hagata (8) Dantamoolagata (15) Dantagata (8) Jihvaagata (5) Taalugata (9) Kant`hagata (17) Sarvasara (3)
Vaataja S`heetaada Daalana (A) Vaataja Kan`t`haS`hun`d`ee Rohin`ee – Vaataja Sarvasara – Vaataja
Pittaja DantaPupput`a Krimidantaka Pittaja Tun`d`ikeree Rohin`ee – Pittaja Savasara – Pittaja
Kaphaja DantaVesht`a Bhanjanaka (A) Kaphaja Adhrusha Rohin`ee – Kaphaja Sarvasara – Kaphaja
Saannipaatika (A) S`haushira Dantaharsha Alaasa (A) Kachchhapa Rohin`ee – Tridoshaja (A)
Raktaja (A) Maha S`haushira (A) DantaS`harkaraa Upajihvikaa Taalvarbuda (A) Rohin`ee – Raktaja
Maamsaja (A) Paridara Kapaalikaa MaamsaSanghaata Kan`t`haS`haalooka
Medoja Upakus`ha S`hyaavaDantaka (A) Taalu Pupput`a Adhijihvikaa
Abhighaataja Vaidarbha DantaVidradhi Taalu S`hosha Valaya (A)
Khalivardhana Taalu Paaka Balaas`ha (A)
Karaala Ekavrinda
Dantamoolagata Naad`ee – 5 types

Tridoshaja Naad`ee (A)

Vrinda (A)
S`hataghnee (A)
Galaayu
GalaVidradhi
Galaugha (A)
Svaraghna (A)
Maamsataana (A)
(A): Asaadhya Vidaaree (A)

 

 

Osht`ha Gata Roga:

 

Diseases related to lips. Osht`ha Prakopaah Osht`ha Rogaah | D`alhan`a.

 

Vaataja

Osht`ha become Karkas`ha, Parusha, Stabdha, Krishn`a. There is severe pain (Mahaarujaa) like Daalana (as if the lips are dividing) and Paripaat`ana.

 

Pittaja

The lips get suffered by Pid`akaa which are in shape of Sarshapa. There is Daaha, Paaka, Sraava. The lips becomeNeela and Peeta in colour.

 

Kaphaja

There are Pid`akaa on the lips; but there is no pain. There is Kan`d`oo, S`hotha, Pichchhilatva, S`heetala (coldness) and Gurutaa (heaviness). The person cannot tolerate cold things.

Saannipaatika

The colour of the lips changes from Krishn`a, Peeta to S`hveta. There are Pid`akaa also.

As per Vaagbhat`a, there is Durgandha (foul smell), Pichchhila Sraava (sticky secretions), there is S`hotha, Rujaa andVishama Paakitva.

 

Raktaja

The lips resemble to the colour of Kharjoora Phala. There are also Pid`akaa. There is blood secretion from the lips and looks like colour of blood.

 

Maamsaja:

The lips become heavy (Guru), large in size (Sthoola) and elevated like muscular growth. There is formation of Krimifrom the lip region (Srikka).

 

Medoja

The lips look like Ghrita Maan`d`a (according to Vaagbhat`a it looks like Taila). There is itching. They are steady (Sthira) and Mridu (soft). They look clean like Sphat`ika. There is secretion also.

 

Kshataja

There is Vidaaran`a and Paat`ana (tearing) of lips. There is formation of Granthi on the lips.

As per Vaagbhat`a, there is Kan`d`oo and Granthi.

 

Khan`d`ausht`ha

The lips are bifurcated in to two parts due to Vaayu.

 

Jalaarbuda

Like bubble water, there is a blister on the lips caused due to Vaata and Kapha.

 

Gan`d`agata Roga:

Gan`d`aalajee:

This is steady oedema (Sthira S`hopha) on the Gan`d`a (cheek), which is associated with Daaha and Jvara.

 

Danta Moolagata Roga

 

These are the diseases related to the root of the teeth.

 

S`heetaada

This is a disease where there is sudden bleeding from the gums (DantaVesht`a). There is foul smell from the gums. They become wet and soft. The Maamsa gets shattered. The gums cause suppuration of other gums also. This isS`heetaada. This is caused by vitiation of Kapha and Rakta.

 

Danta Pupput`aka

When there is severe S`hotha with severe pain in the gums of 2 or 3 teeth; then it is called as Danta Pupput`aka. This is caused due to vitiation of Kapha and Rakta. As per Vaagbhat`a, it resembles the seed of Badara.

Danta Vesht`a

There is secretion of pus and blood through gums. The teeth get loosened from their roots. This is caused due to vitiated Rakta Dhaatu.

 

S`haushira / Sushira

This is S`hotha at the root of the teeth, there is pain, and Laalaasraava and Kan`d`oo. This disease is caused byKapha and Rakta.

This is named as Sushira by Vaagbhat`a and it is caused by Pitta and Rakta.

 

Mahaa S`haushira

The teeth are loosened. There is shattering of Taalu. There is suppuration of gums (Danta Maamsa). There is pain in the mouth. This disease is called as Mahaa S`haushira.

According to Vaagbhat`a, there is Sannipaata Jvara in Mahaa Sushira. There is secretion of Pooya, Rakta. The roots of the teeth get loosened. Vaagbhat`a called it as Mahaa Sushira.

Paridara

DantaMaamsa Paridaran`aat Paridarah | Gayadaasa

 

The gums are shattered (S`heeryante). There is Sht`heevana of blood (spitting of blood). This disease is caused by vitiated Pitta, Rakta and Kapha.

 

Upakus`ha

There is Daaha and Paaka at the gums causing loosening of the teeth. When they are moved, there is secretion of blood. There is mild pain. There is inflation of the gums when the blood is secreted out. There is foul smell to the mouth. This Upakus`ha is caused due to the vitiated Pitta and Rakta.

 

Danta Vaidarbha

When the gums are rubbed, there is formation of S`hotha and the teeth get loosened. This is DantaVaidarbha. This is caused due to trauma (Abhighaataja)

 

Danta Vardhana

Due to extra tooth there is Vaata Prakopa, which causes severe pain. When the tooth gets erupted completely, the pain gets pacified.

According to Vaagbhat`a, this is a disease of teeth and not of DantaMoola. According to him, it is also called asAdhidanta.

 

Adhimaamsaka

In the mandible joint, at the end of the teeth line, there is severe oedema (S`hotha) and pain. There is Laalaasraava.This is caused due to vitiated Kapha.

As per Vaagbhat`a, there is S`hotha like Keela (nail) at the end of the teeth line. There is pain in Hanu, Karn`a. it obstructs the food activities.

 

DantaMoolagata Naad`ee

In the gums the sinus is formed due to vitiated Dosha and Aagantu cause. They are thus of five types.

According to Vaagbhat`a, a person who neglects the curable diseases of DantaMaamsa; then the Dosha get accumulated in it causing Gati in it. It secrets Pooya. It causes splitting of skin, Maamsa, Asthi. These are of 5 types.

 

DantaVidradhi

In the gums, there is formation of S`hotha, due to Dosha and Rakta. This S`hotha manifests internally and externally. There is heaviness, pain, burning sensation. When it opens out, there are secretions of pus and blood; this isDantaVidradhi.

 

Dantagata Roga

These are the diseases related to teeth.

 

Daalana

There is breaking of the teeth with severe pain. This is caused due to vitiated Vaata.

It is also called as S`heetaakhya (S`heetaDanta) according to Vaagbhat`a. According to Vaagbhat`a, teeth can not tolerate cold touch but can tolerate hot touch. It splits due to S`hoola (pain). It is called as Daalana or S`heetaakhya.

 

Krimidantaka

There is pain without any cause. The tooth becomes black coloured. It becomes porous. There are secretions through it. There is S`hotha and severe pain. This is caused due to vitiated Vaata.

According to Vaagbhat`a, Vaata dominated Dosha harbor in to the Danta and Danta Moola. They dry out Majjaacausing porosity in the tooth. In this cavity, food gets filled. When this food putrefies, there is formation of Krimi. There is pacification of S`hoola suddenly without any cause. There is Samrambha and teeth are loosened. The colour of the teeth becomes Asita. The Krimi is called as Praloona. There is secretion of Pooya and Rakta. This is called asKrimiDantaka.

 

DantaHarsha

Teeth cannot tolerate cold and hot touch. This is caused due to Vaayu.

As per Vaagbhat`a, teeth cannot tolerate Pravaata, Amla (sour), cold, anything that is difficult to break by teeth. Due to sour things, there is manifestation of pain and teeth get loosened.

 

Bhanjanaka

There is splitting of teeth. The mouth becomes Vakra. There is severe pain. This is cause due to Kapha and Vaata.

 

Dantas`harkaraa

When tartar of the teeth becomes stable on the teeth this causes derangement of the functions of the teeth.

According to Vaagbhat`a, there is S`hoshan`a of Kapha by Vaayu on Danta. It gives foul smell.

 

Kapaalikaa

When the coverings of the tooth, are separated, it is called as Kapaalikaa. It leads to the end of the teeth.

 

S`hyaavadantaka

When a tooth is completely blackened due to Pitta and Rakta, it is called as S`hyaavadantaka.

Vaagbhat`a has added Vaata Prakopa in the pathogenesis.

 

Hanumoksha

Due to Vaayu, when mandible joint is loosened, then it is called as Hanumoksha. This manifests with the symptoms ofArdita.

 

Dantabheda

There is Toda, Bheda, Ruk and Sput`ana.

DantaChaala

As the Teeth are loosened, when a person eats there is pain.

 

Karaala

There is gaping of the teeth.

 

Jihvaagata Roga:

 

These are the diseases related to tongue.

 

JihvaaKan`t`aka:

It is of three types –

  1. Vaataja
  2. Pittaja
  3. Kaphaja

 

Vaataja Jihvaakan`t`aka:

Tongue gets shattered, numbed. It appears like the leaf of S`haaka (Tectona grandis)

 

Pittaja Jihvaakan`t`aka:

Tongue becomes yellow. It appears as if it is burned out. It becomes thorny and red coloured.

 

Kaphaja Jihvaakan`t`aka:

Tongue becomes heavy, dense (Bahala). There are thorny eruptions of muscular thorns like thorns ofS`haalmalee (Salmalia malabarica).

 

 

Alaasa

There is oedema at the root of the tongue. This oedema is severe. It is caused due to the vitiation of Kapha andRakta. At the end there is suppuration of the root of the tongue.

According to Vaagbhat`a, it is caused due to Kapha and Pitta. The oedema is manifested on the lower side of the tongue. It causes JihvaaStambha. There is foul smell (Matsya Gandha) when it is suppurated. It ultimately leads to the shattering of the Maamsa (Maamsa S`haatana)

Upajihvikaa

The oedema manifests on the tip of the tongue. This is caused due to Kapha and Rakta Dusht`i.

There is Praseka, Kan`d`oo, Paridaaha on the tongue.

As per Vaagbhat`a, it is same as of Adhijihva but manifested on the upper side of the tongue.

 

Adhijihva

At the Prabandhana of the Jihvaa, S`hotha gets manifested. It appears as if it is on the tip of the tongue. There is muscular growth. It is caused due to KaphaPitta and Rakta. There is Laalaasraava, Ushaa and Daaha. Tongue becomes rough. There is Kan`d`oo also.

 

Taalugata Roga

 

These are the diseases related to the palate.

 

Galas`hun`d`e

Due to vitiation of Kapha and Rakta, the oedema is manifested from the root of the Taalu, like inflated Basti (Matsya Basti – Vaagbhat`a). There is S`hvaasa, Kaasa, Trishn`aa. This is called as Galas`hun`d`ee (Kan`t`ha S`hun`d`ee)

 

Tun`d`ikeree

This is oedema of Taalu which is large. There is Daaha, Paaka and Toda. This is caused due to Kapha and Rakta Dusht`i.

 

Adhrusha

Steady and red coloured oedema on the Taalu which manifests with Vedanaa (pain) and Jvara. This is caused due toRakta Dusht`i.

Kachchhapa

This manifests very slowly. There is no pain. S`hotha resembles to the back of tortoise (Koormavat). This is caused due to Kapha Dusht`i.

 

Arbuda

The S`hotha resembles to Padma and is caused due to Rakta Dusht`i.

 

MaamsaSanghaata

Kapha vitiates Maamsa causing oedema in the Taalu, which is painless called as MaamsaSanghaata.

 

TaaluPupput`a

It is a S`hopha in shape of Kola (Zizipus jujuba). It is painless. It is stable. It is caused due to vitiation of Kapha andMeda.

 

Taalu S`hosha

Taalu gets dried up and thus there is splitting of Taalu. There is S`hvaasa also. It is caused due to Vaata and Pitta Dusht`i.

 

TaaluPaaka

Due to vitiation of Pitta, there is severe suppuration of Taalu called as TaaluPaaka.

 

Taalu Pit`ikaa

In the muscular tissue of the palate, there is manifestation of Pit`ikaa. There is pain also. It is rough to touch. ThesePit`ikaa are more in number. They are dense and with secretions. This is Taalu Pit`ikaa.

 

TaaluSamhati

When there is formation of dense Maamsa in the Taalu, it is called as Taalu Samhati.

 

Kan`t`hagata Roga

These are the diseases related to Kan`t`ha (throat)

 

Rohin`ee

In the throat all the three Dosha and Rakta, singly or simultaneously, cause vitiation of Maamsa. It causes obstruction of the throat. There is manifestation of muscular outgrowths. This is a serious disease and may lead to death.

It is of 5 types

  1. Vaataja
  2. Pittaja
  3. Kaphaja
  4. Saannipaatika
  5. Raktaja

 

Vaataja Rohin`ee

There is pain all over the tongue. Muscular outgrowths cause obstruction of the throat. This is Vaataja Rohin`ee. It causes complications due to Vaata vitiation.

 

Pittaja Rohin`ee

This type of Rohin`ee manifests very quickly. There is suppuration of Rohin`ee. There is Teevra Jvara (high grade fever). This is caused due to vitiation of Pitta.

 

Kaphaja Rohin`ee

It causes obstruction. It suppurates very slowly. It is steady and heavy. It is caused due to vitiation of Kapha.

 

Saannipaatika Rohin`ee

This is Asaadhya. It suppurates deeply. It is caused due to vitiation of all the three Dosha.

 

Raktaja Rohin`ee

It manifests with Sphot`a (blisters) and symptoms same as of Pittaja Rohin`ee. This is also Asaadhya.

 

Kan`t`ha S`haalooka

This is caused due to vitiated Kapha. This is a glandular growth in the Gala (Kan`t`ha). It is Khara, Sthira and can be cured by use of S`hastra. It is Kan`t`haS`haalooka. It is in shape of seed of Kola.

 

Adhijihva

There is S`hopha at the tip of the tongue due to vitiation of Kapha and Rakta. It is Asaadhya, if it is suppurated.

Valaya

Kapha causes wide and elevated S`hotha causing obstruction of the Annavaha Srotas. This is Valaya, which isAsaadhya.

According to Vaagbhat`a, there is less pain.

 

Balaasa

Aggravated Kapha and Rakta cause S`hopha in the Gala resulting S`hvaasa and Rujaa (pain). There is pain in theMarma. It is Krichchhrasaadhya.

 

EkaVrinda

S`hotha which is Vritta (circular), Unnata (elevated), with Daaha (burning sensation), with Kan`d`oo (itching), which never suppurates, which is Mridu (soft), Guru (heavy) is called as Ekavrinda. It is caused due to Kapha and Rakta.

Vrinda

In Vrinda, there is Teevra Daaha. There is severe Jvara. This is caused due to Pitta and Rakta Prakopa.

As per Vaagbhat`a, it is manifested at the side of Gala. There is Daaha and Jvara.

S`hataghnee

Due to muscular growth in shape of Varti, it obstructs Kan`t`ha. It causes different types of pains. This is Asaadhyaand caused due to all the three Dosha.

 

Gilaayu

This is a Granthi in shape of seed of Aamalakee. It is steady and with relatively less pain. It is caused due to Kaphaand Rakta vitiation. It is S`hastra Saadhya.

As per Vaagbhat`a, it may form due to single or two or all the three Dosha. There is difficulty in S`hvasana(respiration). The root of it is wide.

 

GalaVidradhi

This S`hotha manifests all over the throat. There is pain also. It is caused due to all the three Dosha. It resembles toSaannipaatika Vidradhi.

 

Galaugha

This is big oedema, which obstructs food and water being entered in to the digestive tract. There is high-grade fever (Teevra Jvara). This is caused due to Kapha and Rakta Dusht`i called as Galaugha.

 

Svaraghna

Here patient suffers from TamaPraves`ha and S`hvaasa. Svara is broken (Bhinna Svara). Throat gets dried. There isKapha Upadigdhataa (coating of Kapha) on the channel carrying Vaayu. This is Svaraghna.

As per Vaagbhat`a, it is Svarahaa.

 

Maamsataana

S`hotha which is wide (like Prataana) causing obstruction of the Kan`t`ha. It hangs in the throat. This is caused due to all the three Dosha. It is Asaadhya.

 

Vidaaree

S`hotha with Daaha, Toda manifests with blood and pus where the Maamsa is shattered. This is caused due to Pitta. This manifests on that side by which patient sleeps more.

Tun`d`ikerikaa

This manifests on the joint of the Hanu. It resembles to the fruit of Kaarpaasee (Gossypium herbacium). It is sticky. There is mild pain. It is hard to touch.

Galaarbuda

At the end of the tongue and at the start of the Kan`t`ha, there is manifestation of the S`hotha due to vitiation of all the three Dosha. It is red coloured, steady and without pain.

Galagan`d`a

This is described separately elsewhere.

It is of three types –

  1. Vaataja
  2. Kaphaja
  3. Medoja

 

Sarva Mukharoga (Sarvasara)

 

These are the diseases, which manifest all over the mouth.

Sarvasara is also called as Mukhapaaka.

Vaataja:

This manifest with Sphot`a, Toda; this is Vaataja Sarvasara.

 

Pittaja:

It is caused due to Rakta. There is Daaha. Mukha becomes yellow coloured. This is Pittaja Sarvasara.

 

Kaphaja

There is Kan`d`oo, Alpa Rujaa in Kaphaja Sarvasara.

 

Raktaja Sarvasara:

This is caused due to Rakta and Pitta. It is Raktaja Sarvasara.

 

Kaphaarbuda

Inside the mouth (cheek), there is manifestation of grey and white coloured Arbuda. If it is manipulated by any way, it gets increased.

 

PootiVaktra

There is foul smell to the mouth caused due to the Dosha.

 

 

 

 

Mukha Roga Chikitsaa:

 

Reference:

  1. Chi. 12, S. Chi. 22, A.H. U. 22, N.R.Mukharoga, Dantaroga

 

Introduction:

Mukha Roga are the diseases of the Mukha i. e. Mouth. Kapha is the predominant Dosha in all the Mukha Roga and their number varies according to different authors.

 

Saamaanya Chikitsaa

Langhana

Dhoomapaana

Virechana

Vamana

Pradhamana Nasya

Doshavat Chikitsaa

 

 

Osht`ha Roga Chikitsaa

 

Khan`d`ausht`a Chikitsaa

Lekhana à Seevana à Vran`a Chikitsaa

Nasya

 

Vaataja Khan`d`ausht`ha Chikitsaa

Pichu

S`hiro Tarpan`a / Abhyanga

Osht`ha Abhyanga

Svedana

Pratisaaran`a

Vaatahara Taila Nasya

 

Pittaja and Abhighaataja Khan`d`ausht`ha Chikitsaa:

Pratisaaran`a

Osht`ha Abhyanga

Jalaukaavacharan`a

Treatment similar to Pittaja Vidradhi

 

Raktaja Khan`d`ausht`ha Chikitsaa:

Similar to Pittaja Khan`d`ausht`ha Chikitsaa.

 

Kaphaja Khan`d`ausht`ha Chikitsaa

Kaphaghna Dravya

Pratisaran`a

Gand`oosha

Dhoomapaana

Nasya (S`hirovirechana)

Raktamokshan`a

 

Medoja Khan`d`ausht`ha Chikitsaa

Osht`a Svedana

Bhedana

Agni Karma

Pratisaaran`a

 

Jalaarbuda Chikitsaa

BhedanaS`hodhana, Gharshan`a

Avgaadha & Ativridha: Kshaara Karma Agni Karma

 

Gan`d`aalaji Chikitsaa

Chikitsaa Aama / Pachyamaana / Pakva Avasthaa should be determined.

Vran`a S`hopha Chikitsaa to be followed.

 

 

Danta Roga Chikitsaa

 

S`heeta Danta Chikitsaa

S`heeta Danta Chikitsaa

Svedana of Danta Paalee

Lekhana

Agni Karma

Pratisaaran`a

Kavala

Nasya

 

Danta Harsha and Danta Bheda Chikitsaa

Vaatahara Chikitsaa (Snigdha Dhooma, Nasya)

Gan`d`oosha

Snigdha Bhojana

 

Danta Chaala Chikitsaa

Danta Chaala Chikitsaa

Gan`d`oosha

Gharshan`a

Snigdha Nasya, Anna and Kavala

 

Adhi Danta Chikitsaa

Application of Kshaara

Similar to Krimidanta Chikitsaa i.e. extraction

If bleeding persists then Agni Karma should be done at the site followed by Vran`a Ropan`a

 

Danta S`harkaraa Chikitsaa

Removal of deposits.

Aaharan`a (scraping) without damaging Dant`a Moola.

Similar treatment to Danta Harsha Chikitsaa

Pratisaaran`a

 

 

Danta Kapaalikaa Chikitsaa

Danta S`harkaraa Chikitsaa followed by Danta Harsha Chikitsaa.

 

Krimi Danta Chikitsaa

  1. If the tooth is not loose then Svedana should be done.
  2. Raktavisraavan`a from the root (Moola).
  3. Snigdha Lepa, Gan`d`oosha, Nasya and Aahaara
  4. Danta Pooran`a: If there is a cavity then, It should be filled with Gud`a or Madhuchchhisht`a and Agni Karma should be done.
  5. Gan`d`oosha
  6. If the Pain still persists then though the tooth is Drid`ha it should be extracted followed by Gan`d`osha and Nasya.
  7. Tooth extraction is contraindicated in Kris`ha , Durbala and Vaatavyaadhita Rugn`a, if tooth extraction is done in these individuals then Madhura S`heeta Snigdha Aahaara and Vihaara should be administered.

 

 

Danta S`hoola Chikitsaa

Gan`d`oosha

 

S`heetaada Chikitsaa

  1. Raktavisraavan`a
  2. Madhu Pratisaaran`a
  3. Kavala
  4. Nasya

 


 

OordhvaGuda

Vaayu obstructed in the downward channel due to Ars`ha, Gulma etc. traverses upward causing bad smell to mouth; this is called as OordhvaGuda.

 

Saannipaatika Sarvasara:

It manifests with all the symptoms of Dosha types.

 

Vyaadhi Galagan`d`a

 

Reference:

  1. Su.18, C. Chi.12, S. Ni.11, M. Ni. 38

 

Nirukti:

 

Yasya S`hleshmaa Prakupito Galabaahye Avatisht`hate |

S`hanaih Sanjanayet S`hopham Galagan`d`o Asya Jaayate || C. Su. 18/21

 

Nibaddha S`hvayathuh Yasya Mushkavat Lambate Gale |

Mahaan vaa Yadi Hrasco Galagan`d`am TamAadis`het ||

S.Ni. 11/29; M. Ni. 38/1

 

Mahaantam S`hopham Alpam vaa Hanu Manyaa Gala Aas`hrayam |

Lambantam Mushkavad Drisht`vaa Galagan`d`am Vinirdis`het || S.Ni. 11/29 D`alhan`a (Bhoja Quotation); M. Ni. 38/1 Madhukos`ha

 

Galagan`d`a is an S`hopha which manifests on the Hanu, Manyaa and Gala and which hangs down like scrotum.Galagan`d`a is Asaadhya, when associated with PeenasaPaars`hvas`hoolaKaasa, JvaraChhardi. When aggravatedKapha harbours outside Gala causing oedema it is called as Galagan`d`a.

 

Sampraapti:

Aggravated Vaata and Kapha harbour in the Gala and spread in the ManyaaMeda Dhaatu is also gets aggravated.

Kapha and Vaata both are the causative Dosha of Galagan`d`a.

There is no involvement of Pitta Dosha in Galagan`d`a.

 

Types:

  1. Vaataja
  2. Kaphaja
  3. Medoja

 

Vaataja

  1. Toda
  2. Krishn`a siraanavaddha: There is black colored vessels on Galagan`d`a.
  3. It is Krishn`aor Arun`a.
  4. When Vaataja Galagan`d`aassociated with Medas, it is bulky.
  5. With due course of time, it becomes unctuous.
  6. There is no pain.
  7. It grows very slowly
  8. It does not suppurate
  9. It may suppurate due to Yadrichchhaa.

 

Kaphaja

  1. It is Sthira.
  2. It resembles to the color of Kapha.
  3. There is relatively less pain.
  4. There is severe itching.
  5. It is cold to touch.
  6. It grows very slowly.
  7. It suppurates very slowly.
  8. There is relatively less pain.

 

Medoja

  1. It is SnigdhaMriduPaan`d`u.
  2. It has foul smell.
  3. There is no pain.
  4. There is severe itching.
  5. It hangs down like Alaabu(Bottle Groud)
  6. It has small root.

 

  • Asaadhya Criteria
  1. Krichchhra S`hvasana
  2. Mridu Gaatratva
  3. Samvatsaraateetaafter one year
  4. Arochakaanvita
  5. Ksheen`a
  6. Bhinna Svara

 

 

 

 

 

 

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